Microsoft DOS arp command
Displays, adds, and removes arp information from network devices.
The arp command is an external command accessed through the C:\Windows or C:\Winnt\System32 directory and is available in the below Microsoft operating systems as arp.exe.
ARP -s inet_addr eth_adr [if_addr]
ARP -d inet_addr [if_addr]
ARP -a [inet_addr] [-N if_addr]
|-a||Displays current ARP entries by interrogating the current protocol data. If inet_addr is specified, the IP and physical addresses for only the specified computer are displayed. If more than one network interface uses ARP, entries for each ARP table are displayed.|
|-g||Same as -a|
|inet_addr||Specifies an Internet address.|
|-N if addr||Displays the ARP entries for the network interface specified by if_addr.|
|-d||Deletes the host specified by inet_addr.|
|-s||Adds the host and associates the Internet address inet_addr with the physical address eth_addr. The physical address is given as 6 hexadecimal bytes separated by hyphens. The entry is permanent.|
|eth_addr||Specifies a physical address|
|if_addr||If present, this specifies the Internet address of the interface whose address translation table should be modified. If not present, the first applicable interface will be used.|
|Internet Address||Physical address||Type|
The physical address or MAC address as shown above in the format aa-bb-cc-dd-ee-ff is the unique manufacturer identification number. This number should always be an unique address.
arp -s 18.104.22.168 00-50-04-62-F7-23
Above, is an example of how to change the above IP address 22.214.171.124 to 126.96.36.199.
If an IP address has already been assigned to the specific network adapter it is not possible to change that assigned IP address to a new address. DHCP, BOOTP or RARP networks automatically assign the card an IP address, therefore, this command would not be utilized.