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1. The original BASIC was first developed at Dartmouth College by John Kemeny, Mary Keller, and Thomas Kurtz and introduced on May 1, 1964. BASIC is short for Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code and is an easy-to-understand programming language that was popular during 1970 - 1980. Today, BASIC is not used to develop programs, but is sometimes used to help teach the fundamentals of programming. Below is an example of a basic program that prints "Hello World!".

10 print "Hello World!"
20 END

Although BASIC is not commonly used today, new variants of BASIC such as Visual Basic are still popular and widely used.

2. In general basic describes anything that covers all the necessary facts or essentials required for a subject or skill. For example, anyone who has a basic understanding of computers has a general understanding of how to use and operate a computer.

Also see: Altair BASIC, DarkBASIC, High-level language, Procedural language, Programming terms, Programming languages, ROM BASIC, True BASIC, Visual Basic