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Formatting marks

Formatting marksSpecial marks that are hidden by default that affect how text is displayed in a document. For example, in the picture to the to the right, with formatting marks enabled soft and hard returns are visible. In this example, the soft returns look like arrows pointing to the left and the hard returns is a paragraph mark, which looks like a backwards 'P'. Formatting marks are often used to troubleshoot a document's layout, appearance, and any printing problems and can be enabled or disabled depending on your preference.

Enabling or disabling formatting marks

Tip: With Microsoft programs that support formatting marks press the Ctrl + * (Ctrl + Shift + 8) shortcut key to enable and disable formatting marks.

Formatting mark iconThe formatting marks feature can also be enabled or disabled by clicking the paragraph symbol in the toolbar, as shown in the picture. If this button is not visible in your toolbar, you may be able to change this setting through the View drop-down menu or in the Home tab, in Microsoft Word 2007 and higher.

Types of formatting marks

Below, is a list of the different types of formatting marks you'll see when formatting marks are enabled and a brief description about each of the marks.

Conditional hyphen

Conditional hyphenAny hyphen that has not been manually entered is shown as a conditional hyphen mark, which is a dash with a small line extending down on the right-hand side.

Field code

Field codeA field code is a command or code that instructs Microsoft Word to insert special text such as the current date, page number, graphics, and other external data. For example, if you wanted today's date to show in a document using a field code, it would be {date}. To create a new field code, press Ctrl + F9, and to toggle the display of field codes press Alt + F9.

Line breaks

Line breakA line break is a break in the current line of text that doesn't create a new paragraph. This is often done using the shortcut Shift+Enter. As seen in the image to the left, the line break resembles a symbol of an arrow pointing down and to the left. This is the same symbol found on most computer keyboards Enter key.

Pagination breaks

A page break that has been inserted manually into the document will be shown when formatting marks is enabled. Below, is a picture and an example of what a page break mark. There is also a column and section break. To delete pagination breaks move your cursor in front of the page break mark and press the delete key.

Pagination break

Paragraph marks

Paragraph MarkThe paragraph mark or Pilcrow follows any new paragraph in a document. By default when pressing Enter Microsoft Word and most other programs will create a new paragraph, this paragraph will continue until Enter is pressed again. If you want to drop down a line, but not end a paragraph press Shift+Enter to create a line break in the paragraph.

Space character

Space characterThe space character is one of the most common formatting marks and is represented as a single dot in place of each space in a document. These marks help with identifying two spaces instead of one and a tab created using spaces instead of a tab. In the picture to the left, is an example of a single space between the 'A' and 'B' characters.


TabAny tab in a document will be represented by an arrow pointing to the right, as shown in the picture. If there are multiple tabs, you'll have multiple arrows. If someone has used spaces instead of a tab to format their text, you'll see the space characters, mentioned above.

Also see: End mark, Hard return, Paragraph, Soft return