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ParityIn general, parity is the quality of being even or odd. In computer science, a parity check, also referred to as a Vertical Redundancy Check (VRC), is a method of searching data for errors. This is done either during transmission or on a storage mechanism, by setting a parity bit to an even or odd number. For example, if a binary stream contains an even amount of "1's" and the parity bit is odd, the computer would produce an error because the data is corrupted. The image shows an 8-bit binary number with a ninth parity bit attached.

In the past, most memory manufacturers had the option between parity and non-parity memory. However, due to its cost and the reliability of today's computer memory, parity error checking is no longer used. When a memory error occurs with a computer that has no-parity memory, it can cause the computer to freeze or generate an error.

Tip: Parity error checking only detects and reports errors, it will not correct them.

Also see: BERT, Checksum, CRC, ECC, Error control, LRC, Mark parity, Memory terms, No-parity, Parity bit, Serial, Space parity