Any data or information that has no order. For example, 5,8,2,9, and 0 are single-digit numbers that are in random order. Data that is random is resolved with computers by sorting the data in a particular order such as by date, name, time, age, etc.
Data can be randomly selected or random numbers can be generated using a random seed. Computer games, web pages, programs, and encryption are just a few examples of what needs random values to operate. For example, Computer Hope has a random dictionary definition script that randomly selects and opens a random dictionary page for Computer Hope users.
In programming languages, there is often a command or function that allows the developer to generate a random number. For example, in Perl the programmer could use rand to generate a random number. Below is an example of how this can be done in Perl.
my $random = int(rand(10));
print "Random number between 0 and 10: $random\n";