Linux parted command

Updated: 04/26/2017 by Computer Hope

About parted

parted is a partition manipulation program.

Description

GNU parted is a disk partitioning and partition resizing program. It allows you to create, destroy, resize, move and copy ext2, linux-swap, FAT, FAT32, and reiserfs partitions. It can create, resize, and move Macintosh HFS partitions, as well as detect jfs, ntfs, ufs, and xfs partitions. It is useful for creating space for new operating systems, reorganising disk usage, and copying data to new hard disks.

parted syntax

parted [options] [device [command [options...]...]]

Options

-h, --help Display a help message, and exit.
-l, --list Lists partition layout on all block devices.
-m, --machine Displays machine-parseable output
-s, --script Never prompts for user input.
-v, --version Displays version information, and exits.
-a alignment-type, --align alignment-type Set alignment for newly created partitions, valid alignment types are:

none Use the minimum alignment allowed by the disk type.
cylinder Align partitions to cylinders.
minimal Use minimum alignment as given by the disk topology information. This and the optimal value will use layout information provided by the disk to align the logical partition table addresses to actual physical blocks on the disks. The minimal value is the minimum alignment needed to align the partition properly to physical blocks, which avoids performance degradation.
optimal Use optimum alignment as given by the disk topology information. This aligns to a multiple of the physical block size in a way that guarantees optimal performance.

Commands

[device] The block device to be used. When none is given, parted will use the first block device it finds.
[command [options]] Specifies the command to be executed. If no command is given, parted will present a command prompt. Possible commands are:

check partition Do a simple check on partition.
cp [source-device] source destination Copy the source partition's filesystem on source-device (or the current device if no other device was specified) to the destination partition on the current device.
help [command] Print general help, or help on command if specified.
mkfs partition fs-type Make a filesystem fs-type on partition. fs-type can be one of "fat16", "fat32", "ext2", "linux-swap", or "reiserfs".
mklabel label-type Create a new disklabel (partition table) of label-type. label-type should be one of "bsd", "dvh", "gpt", "loop", "mac", "msdos", "pc98", or "sun".
mkpart part-type [fs-type] start end Make a part-type partition with filesystem fs-type (if specified), beginning at start and ending at end (by default in megabytes). fs-type can be one of "fat16", "fat32", "ext2", "HFS", "linux-swap", "NTFS", "reiserfs", or "ufs". part-type should be one of "primary", "logical", or "extended".
mkpartfs part-type fs-type start end Make a part-type partition with filesystem fs-type beginning at start and ending at end (by default in megabytes). Using this command is discouraged. Instead use mkpart to create an empty partition, and then use external tools like mke2fs to create the filesystem.
move partition start end Move partition so that it begins at start and ends at end. Note: move never changes the minor number.
name partition name Set the name of partition to name. This option works only on Mac, PC98, and GPT disklabels. The name can be placed in quotes, if necessary.
print Display the partition table.
quit Exit from parted.
rescue start end Rescue a lost partition that was located somewhere between start and end. If a partition is found, parted will ask if you want to create an entry for it in the partition table.
resize partition start end Resize the filesystem on partition so that it begins at start and ends at end (by default in megabytes).
rm partition Delete partition.
select device Choose device as the current device to edit. device should usually be a Linux hard disk device, but it can be a partition, software raid device, or an LVM logical volume if necessary.
set partition flag state Change the state of the flag on partition to state. Supported flags are: "boot", "root", "swap", "hidden", "raid", "lvm", "lba", "legacy_boot" and "palo". The state should be either "on" or "off".
unit unit Set unit as the unit to use when displaying locations and sizes, and for interpreting those given by the user when not suffixed with an explicit unit. unit can be one of "s" (sectors), "B" (bytes), "kB", "MB", "GB", "TB", "%" (percentage of device size), "cyl" (cylinders), "chs" (cylinders, heads, sectors), or "compact" (megabytes for input, and a human-friendly form for output).
version Display version information and a Copyright message.

Known Issues

ext3 filesystem functionality does not currently work. To manage ext3 type filesystems use tools like resize2fs or mke2fs. Note that the currently supported ext2 filesystem will be deprecated once ext3 support is finalized. Further note that ext3 support will have limited functionality that is yet to be defined. Use tools like resize2fs and mke2fs to manage these types of filesystems.

To manually resize an ext3 filesystem or a partition use resize2fs, fdisk or similar tools. For LVM situations, you will need to use the LVM commands to resize the LVM elements.

parted examples

parted

Brings you into the parted command prompt, where you can enter any of the commands listed as above. Note that parted should be run as the superuser to gain the full hardware access it requires; so, for instance, you may need to run parted with the sudo command instead:

sudo parted

Once inside, you will be placed at a "(parted)" prompt, where you can enter any of the above commands to partition your hard disk, or the quit command to exit.

fdisk — A disk partitioning utility.
mkfs — Build a Linux file system, usually a hard disk partition.