Computer history - 1968

Updated: 07/13/2023 by Computer Hope

Major computer events in 1968

Douglas Engelbart

Douglas Engelbart publicly demonstrated Hypertext on the NLS on December 9, 1968, in the mother of all demos.

UCLA was selected to be the first node on the Internet as we know it today.

New computer products and services introduced in 1968

SHRDLU was created in 1968.

The A* algorithm was introduced in 1968.

The MSI chip generation was introduced in 1968.

RAM (random-access memory), as we know it today, as solid-state memory, was first invented in 1968 by Robert Dennard.

The concept of the digital projector we know today was developed by Gene Dolgoff in 1968.

IBM announced additions to the System/360 family, including the Model 85. The high-speed cache, or buffer memory, found in the System/360 Model 85, was the first in the industry. The cache memory made highly prioritized information available at 12 times the speed of regular, main-core memory.

IBM's CICS (Customer Information Control System), developed with Michigan Bell in 1966, was introduced. Designed for multiple requests to a single file in a high volume fast response environment, CICS remains the industry's most popular transaction monitor.

IBM announced the IBM Braille Typewriter.

Computer and technology-related events in 1968

HP (Hewlett-Packard) began marketing the first mass-marketed PC (personal computer) and the world's first desktop computer, the HP 9100A.

The first NWG (Network Working Group) meeting was held.

Bob Propst invented the office cubicle.

Larry Roberts published ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) program plan on June 3, 1968.

On June 4, 1968, Dr. Robert Dennard at the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center was granted U.S. patent #3,387,286 describing a one-transistor DRAM (dynamic random-access memory) cell. DRAM would later replace magnetic core memory in computers.

The first RFP (request for proposal) for a network went out.

MSI (medium-scale integration) chips began being developed.

Seiko markets a miniature printer for use with calculators.

Sony invented Trinitron in 1968.

The modem v.26 standard is introduced in 1968.

Computer companies and organizations founded in 1968

Intel Corporation was founded by Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore on July 18, 1968.

NMB was founded in September 1968.

The ATC (American Television and Communications) was founded in 1968 and would later become Time Warner Cable.

Amstrad was founded in 1968.

Eizo was founded in 1968.

In 1968, the International Computers and Tabulators company merged with English Electric Computers to form ICL (International Computers Limited).

Computer-related TV shows and movies released in 1968

The movie "2001: A Space Odyssey" was released in 1968 and introduced HAL 9000 computer to the pop culture.

Computer pioneers born in 1968

Susan Wojcicki

Susan Wojcicki was born on July 5, 1968.

Larry Sanger was born on July 16, 1968.

Alan Cox was born on July 22, 1968.

Phillip Rosedale was born on September 29, 1968.

Jerry Yang was born on November 6, 1968.

Rasmus Lerdorf was born on November 22, 1968.

Andreas Raab was born on November 24, 1968.

Sabeer Bhatia was born on December 30, 1968.

Mike McCue was born in 1968.

Theodore Ts'o was born in 1968.

Computer pioneer deaths in 1968

James Rand

James Rand passed away on June 3, 1968 (Age: 81).

Chester Carlson passed away on September 19, 1968 (Age: 62).

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