Computer history - 1991

Updated: 10/11/2021 by Computer Hope

Major computer events in 1991

Tim Berners-Lee

The World Wide Web and the first web page was launched to the public on August 6, 1991. Tim Berners-Lee, a scientist at the CERN European Partial Physics Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland.

Linux and the Linux kernel was introduced by Linus Torvalds on August 25, 1991.

The first Unicode standard was published in October 1991.

Other computer events in 1991

NSF opens the Internet to commercial use.

First webcam

The first widely-publicized webcam was the XCoffee, also known as the Trojan Room coffee pot. The camera began operating in 1991 with the help of Quentin Stafford-Fraser and Paul Jardetzky.

The term Internet of Things is coined.

Pretty Good Privacy more commonly known as PGP a public key used for encryption is released as Freeware by Philip Zimmerman.

Following its decision not to develop operating systems cooperatively with IBM, Microsoft changes the name of OS/2 to Windows NT.

Creative Labs releases a multimedia upgrade kit that includes a CD-ROM drive, the SoundBlaster Pro sound card, a MIDI kit, and a variety of software applications. The kit allows IBM compatible users to obtain all tools needed to meet the MPC standards.

2G cellular phone technology was established under the GSM standard in 1991.

The computer Monkey virus was first discovered in Edmonton, Canada in 1991.

The Sega Genesis game "Zero Wing" was introduced. The phrase "All your base are belong to us" later becomes a popular saying for computer gamers and geeks.

Cell phone Lithium batteries begin being recalled in Japan after phone explodes and burns mans face during use.

IDEA was first expressed by Xuejia Lai and James Massey in 1991.

The London Science Museum completed the Difference Engine No 2 for the bicentennial year of Charles Babbage's birth in June 1991.

The first Cybercafe opens in July 1991 in San Francisco.

The WWW became available for everyone on August 23, 1991.

The Extended Video Graphics Array digital video standard was created by VESA in 1991.

The United States military introduces the DART (Dynamic Analysis and Replanning Tool).

On December 1, 1991, the first web server outside of Europe came online and the first website was introduced in 1991.

The 20 MB PCMCIA SunDisk and the first SSD (solid-state drive) was first released for around $1,000 in 1991.

The first external computer speaker was invented by Abinawan Puracchidas in 1991.

The first version of the Windows Media Player was released in 1991.

New computer products and services introduced in 1991

AMD introduced the AM386 microprocessor family in March 1991.

Intel introduces the Intel 486SX chip in April in efforts to help bring a lower-cost processor to the PC market selling for $258.00.

Microsoft released Visual Basic in May 1991.

Apple introduced System 7 operating system on May 13, 1991.

MS-DOS logo

Microsoft released Word 2.0 for PC, and version 5 for Mac in 1991.

MS-DOS 5.0 was released in June 1991.

Adobe Photoshop 2.0 was released in June 1991.

Apple released the PowerBook in October 1991.

Apple QuickTime was introduced on December 2, 1991.

Python was released in 1991.

HTTP/0.9 was introduced in 1991.

Symantec releases Norton antivirus software.

Dolby introduces AC-3.

The programming language FORTRAN 90 is created.

The DLT tape drive is released as a very reliable, high-speed, and high-capacity tape drive solution.

The EPP (Enhanced Parallel Port) is developed by Intel, Xircom, and Zenith Data Systems.

TrueType a scalable font was introduced and developed by Microsoft and Apple and is used on all Apple computers and computers running Windows.

Gopher was introduced in 1991.

Internet domains that came online in 1991

Microsoft logo

The domain microsoft.com came online on May 2, 1991.

Computer companies founded in 1991

id Software was founded on February 1, 1991.

Silicon & Synapse, which later became Blizzard was founded on February 8, 1991.

Bungie was founded on May 7, 1991.

Advanced Logic Industries was founded in 1991.

Apache Micro Peripherals was founded in 1991.

AVG was founded in 1991.

Broadcom was founded in 1991.

BSDi or BSD Inc. was founded in 1991 by some of the leading CSRG computer scientists.

Dr Gerpheide with James O'Callaghan founded Circque in 1991, which commercialized the touchpad.

Cmedia was founded in 1991.

Caldera was founded in 1991.

Cyren was founded in 1991 by Gideon Mantel and Nahum Sharfman.

Dynatron was founded in 1991.

Epic Games was established in 1991.

Fujitsu Computer Products of America was founded in 1991.

HiSilicon was founded in 1991.

Intertex Electronics was founded in 1991.

IONA was founded in 1991.

Jetta was founded in 1991.

Lexmark is formed.

Networth was founded in 1991.

Targa was established in 1991.

VoodooPC was founded in 1991.

Computer company events in 1991

Gary Kildall and other shareholders of DRI (Digital Research Inc.) sell all private shares to Novell.

Computer-related movies released in 1991

The movie Terminator 2 was released in the U.S. on July 1, 1991.

Computer pioneer deaths in 1991

John Bardeen

John Bardeen passed away on January 30, 1991 (Age: 82).

Derrick Lehmer passed away on May 22, 1991 (Age: 86).

Saul Rosen passed away on June 9, 1991 (Age: 69).

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