Internet History

Updated: 05/21/2018 by Computer Hope
Reference Question
CH001016 Who invented the Internet?
Year Event
1960 AT&T introduced the dataphone and the first known MODEM.
1961 Leonard Kleinrock published his first paper entitled "Information Flow in Large Communication Nets" was published on May 31, 1961.
1962 Leonard Kleinrock released his paper talking about packetization.
1962 Paul Baran suggested transmission of data using fixed size message blocks in 1962.
1962 J.C.R. Licklider became the first Director of IPTO and gives his vision of a galactic network.
1964 Baran published reports "On Distributed Communications." in 1964.
1964 Leonard Kleinrock published his first book on packet nets entitled "Communication Nets: Stochastic Message Flow and Design." in 1964.
1965 Lawrence G. Roberts with MIT performed the first long distant dial-up connection between a TX-2 computer in Massachusetts and Tom Marill with a Q-32 at SDC in California in 1965.
1965 Donald Davies coined the word "Packet."
1966 Lawrence G. Roberts and Tom Marill publish a paper about their earlier success at connecting over dial-up in 1966.
1966 Robert Taylor joins ARPA and brings Larry Roberts there to develop ARPANET in 1966.
1967 Donald Davies created 1-node NPL packet net in 1967.
1967 Wes Clark suggests the use of a minicomputer for network packet switch in 1967.
1968 Doug Engelbart publicly demonstrated Hypertext on December 9, 1968.
1968 The first Network Working Group (NWG) meeting was held in 1968.
1968 Larry Roberts published ARPANET program plan on June 3, 1968.
1968 First RFP for a network went out in 1968.
1968 UCLA was selected to be the first node on the Internet as we know it today and serve as the Network Msmnt Center in 1968.
1969 Steve Crocker released RFC #1 on April 7, 1979, introducing the Host-to-Host and talking about the IMP software.
1969 UCLA puts out a press release introducing the public to the Internet on July 3, 1969.
1969 On August 29, 1969, the first network switch and the first piece of network equipment (called "IMP," which was short for Interface Message Processor) was sent to UCLA.
1969 On September 2, 1969, the first data moves from UCLA host to the IMP switch.
1969 CompuServe, the first commercial online service, was established in 1969.
1970 Steve Crocker and UCLA team released NCP in 1970.
1971 Ray Tomlinson sends the first e-mail, the first messaging system to send messages across a network to other users in 1971.
1972 First public demo of ARPANET in 1972.
1972 Norm Abramson' Alohanet connected to ARPANET: packet radio nets in 1972.
1973 Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn design TCP during 1973 and later publish it with the help of Yogen Dalal and Carl Sunshine in December 1974 in RFC 675.
1973 ARPA deployed SATNET the first international connection in 1973.
1973 Robert Metcalfe creates the Ethernet at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC).
1973 The first VoIP call was made in 1973.
1974 A commercial version of ARPANET known as Telenet was introduced and considered by many to be the first Internet Service Provider (ISP) in 1974.
1978 TCP splits into TCP/IP driven by Danny Cohen, David Reed, and John Shoch to support real-time traffic. The creation of TCP/IP also helps to create UDP in 1978.
1978 John Shoch and Jon Hupp at Xerox PARC developed the first worm in 1978.
1981 BITNET was founded in 1981.
1983 ARPANET standardized TCP/IP in 1983.
1984 Paul Mockapetris and Jon Postel introduce DNS in 1984.
1986 Eric Thomas developed the first Listserv in 1986.
1986 NSFNET was created in 1986.
1986 BITNET II was created in 1986.
1988 First T-1 backbone was added to ARPANET in 1988.
1988 Bitnet and CSNET merged to create CREN in 1988.
1989 On March 12, 1989, Tim Berners-Lee submitted a proposal for a distributed system at CERN, which would later become the WWW.
1990 ARPANET replaced by NSFNET in 1990.
1990 The first search engine Archie, written by Alan Emtage, Bill Heelan, and Mike Parker at McGill University in Montreal Canada was released on September 10, 1990.
1991 Tim Berners-Lee introduced WWW to the public on August 6, 1991.
1991 NSF opened the Internet to commercial use in 1991.
1991 On December 1, 1991, the first web server outside of Europe came online.
1992 Internet Society formed in 1992.
1992 NSFNET upgraded to a T-3 backbone in 1992.
1993 On April 30, 1993, CERN released the Web source code and made it public domain. The effect had an immediate effect as the Web experiences massive growth.
1993 The White House and the United Nations come online in 1993 and help start the .gov and .org top-level domains.
1993 The NCSA released the Mosaic browser in 1993.
1994 Netscape (Mosaic Communications Corporation) was found by Marc Andreessen and James H. Clark on April 4, 1994.
1994 Mosaic Netscape 0.9, the first Netscape browser, was officially released on October 13, 1994. This browser also introduces the Internet to cookies.
1994 WXYC (89.3 FM Chapel Hill, NC USA) became the first traditional radio station to announce broadcasting on the Internet on November 7, 1994.
1994 Tim Berners-Lee established and heads the W3C in October 1994.
1995 The dot-com boom started in 1995.
1995 The SSL protocol was developed and introduced by Netscape in February 1995.
1995 On April 1, 1995, the Opera browser was released.
1995 The first VoIP software (Vocaltec) was released allowing end users to make voice calls over the Internet.
1995 On August 16, 1995, Microsoft introduced and released Microsoft Internet Explorer.
1995 On November 24, 1995, HTML 2.0 was introduced in RFC 1866.
1995 On December 4, 1995, Sun Microsystems announced JavaScript and first released it in Netscape 2.0B3. In the same year, they also introduced Java.
1996 Telecom Act deregulated data networks in 1996.
1996 Now known as Adobe Flash, Macromedia Flash was introduced in 1996.
1996 The first CSS specification, CSS 1, was published by the W3C in December 1996.
1996 More e-mail was sent than postal mail in the USA in 1996.
1996 CREN ended its support, and since then, the network has ceased to exist.
1997 Internet2 consortium was established in 1997.
1997 IEEE released 802.11 (Wi-Fi) standard in 1997.
1998 Internet weblogs began to appear in 1998.
1998 XML became a W3C recommendation on February 10, 1998.
1999 Napster started sharing files in September 1999.
1999 On December 1, 1999, the most expensive Internet domain name, business.com, was sold by Marc Ostrofsky for $7.5 million. The domain was later sold on July 26, 2007, to R.H. Donnelley for $345 million.
2000 The dot-com bubble started to burst in 2000.
2003 January 7, 2003, CREN's members decided to dissolve the organization.
2003 On June 30, 2003, the Safari browser was released.
2004 On November 9, 2004, Mozilla released the Mozilla Firefox browser.
2008 AOL ended support for the Netscape Internet browser on March 1, 2008.
2008 On December 11, 2008, Google released the Chrome browser.
2009 A person under the fake name of Satoshi Nakamoto introduced the Internet currency Bitcoin on January 3, 2009.
2014 The HTML5 programming language was recommended and released to the public on October 28, 2014, by W3C.

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