How to install a CD, DVD, or other disc drive

Updated: 09/15/2017 by Computer Hope

Buying tips and help

If you have not already purchased a CD drive see the CD buying tips section before continuing.

How to determine the CD drive type

Before getting started

  1. Ensure you have a working bootable floppy diskette with CD-ROM drivers.
  2. Write down important information from the top or bottom of the CD-ROM such as the Model Number, Serial Number, and specifications.
  3. Ensure you are familiar with ESD and its potential dangers.
  4. When physically installing the CD drive, ensure the computer is powered down and unplugged.

Set Jumpers

Before installing the CD drive it is important that the drive have the jumpers appropriately set to Master, Slave, or Cable Select. For example, if this drive is being attached to the same cable as your hard drive, the CD-ROM drive needs to be set to Slave and the hard drive needs to be set to Master or Dual Master.

Note: If possible, it is recommended that if you are installing a CD-R or CD-RW drive that the drive be setup as the Master drive on the second IDE/EIDE interface. Have the drive as master can help prevent a buffer underrun when creating a CD.

Attach cables

Computer CD-ROM drive

The CD-ROM should have two cables connected to it and may have an audio cable, which is the smallest of the cables, the CD-ROM audio cable (or sound card cable). When connecting this cable to the CD-ROM drive it should be a 3 or 4 pin cable connection (see above picture). Verify that the location that you are connecting this cable to is NOT the jumpers on the back of the drive; while it may be possible for the cable to connect to these pins, this could cause additional issues.

Next, connect the 40-pin IDE/EIDE interface cable (large gray ribbon cable) to the back of the CD-ROM drive. This cable has one side of the cable that is red or blue indicating PIN 1. This side of the cable almost always points to where the power connects to the CD-ROM drive.

Finally, connect the Molex style power cable to the back of the CD-ROM drive. This cable is keyed therefore should only connect to the computer one-way.

Once the computer cables have been connected to the back of the CD-ROM drive, connect the opposite ends of the IDE/EIDE interface cable and the audio cable to their appropriate locations. The audio cable will connect to one of the following locations: sound card, motherboard (when onboard sound present), or DVD decoder card.

CMOS setup

Once the disc drive has been connected to the computer, place the case back onto the computer and connect the keyboard, monitor, and power to the computer (we recommend that you do not connect all the cables yet, if problems are experienced you may have to disconnect all the cables again).

Once connected, turn on the computer and enter CMOS setup. Verify that the IDE device is setup as Auto or CD Drive. Once verified, save the settings and reboot the computer.

Software setup

IDE/EIDE CD-ROM drives only require the one or two CD-ROM drives for the drives to work.

If you are using MS-DOS you need the MS-DOS driver and MSCDEX. Additional information about loading and setting these drivers up on your computer can be found on our CD-ROM driver page.

If you are using Windows 9x, ME, 2000, or XP it is likely that if the drive is properly installed that it will be automatically detected and installed when the computer first boots up.

CD Drivers can be found on our CD-ROM, CD-R, CD-RW, and DVD drivers page.


Additional information