Help with ping, winipcfg, and other network commands
Below is a listing of the various network related commands used in MS-DOS, Windows command line, Linux, Unix, and other operating systems. Each command includes additional information to what the command does, the command's syntax, and miscellaneous information.
Note: If you are not the root or admin of a computer, these commands may not work.
Display or manipulate the ARP information on a network device or computer.
- See the arp command page for further help and information.
The finger command available in Unix and Linux variants allows a user to find sometimes personal information about a user. This information can include the last time the user logged in, and when they read their e-mail, etc. If the user creates a .PLAN or other related file the user can also display additional information.
- See the Unix and Linux finger command page for further information and help.
The hostname command displays the hostname of the computer.
- See the hostname command page for further help and information.
Ipconfig is an MS-DOS utility that can be used from MS-DOS and an MS-DOS shell to display the network settings currently assigned and given by a network. This command can be utilized to verify a network connection as well as to verify your network settings.
Windows 2000 users should use this command to determine network information.
- See the ipconfig command page for further information and help.
Pathping is an MS-DOS utility available for Microsoft Windows 2000 and Windows XP users. This utility enables a user to find network latency and network loss.
- See the pathping command page for further help and information.
Ping is one of the most commonly used network commands that allows you to ping a network IP address. Pinging an IP address helps determine if the network card can communicate in the local network or outside network.
- How to ping an IP address or website.
- See the ping command page for further help on the MS-DOS and Windows command line command.
- See the Unix and Linux ping command page for further information on this command.
The nbtstat MS-DOS utility that displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NBT.
- See the nbtstat command page for further help on this MS-DOS and Windows command.
The net command is available in MS-DOS and Windows and is used to set, view, and determine network settings.
- See the net command page for further information on this command.
The netstat command is used to display the TCP/IP network protocol statistics and information.
- See the netstat command page for further help with this MS-DOS and Windows command.
- See the Unix and Linux netstat command for further help with this command.
The nslookup MS-DOS utility that enables a user to do a reverse lookup on an IP address of a domain or host on a network.
- See the nslookup command page for further help on this MS-DOS and Windows command.
- See the Unix and Linux nslookup command page for further help with this command.
- Linux users may also be interested in the host command that performs a similar task.
The route MS-DOS utility enables computers to view and modify the computer's route table.
- See the route command page for further information and help with this command.
Tracert and traceroute
The tracert command in MS-DOS and Windows (known as traceroute in Unix-like operating systems) is a useful tool for diagnosing network issues. It allows you to view a listing of how a network packet travels through the network and where it may fail or slow down. Using this information you can determine the computer, or network device causing your connectivity issue.
- See the tracert command for further help with the MS-DOS and Windows command.
- See the Unix and Linux traceroute command for further help with this command.
The whois command available in Unix and Linux variants helps allow a user to identify a domain name. This command provides information about a domain name much like the WHOIS on network solutions. In some cases, the domain information will be provided from Network Solutions.
- See the Unix and Linux whois command for further information on this command.
The winipcfg command available in Windows allows a user to display network and network adapter information. Here, a user can find such information as an IP address, Subnet Mask, Gateway, etc.
- See the winipcfg command for further information on this command.
Tip: Windows 2000, Windows XP and above users do not have winipcfg. Instead, use ipconfig.