How do I find the hard drive type and specifications?
System Information in Windows 10
In Windows 10, you can view information about your hardware (including disks) using the System Information utility.
To open the System Information utility in Windows 10:
- Press the Windows key, type System Information, and then press Enter.
Or, you can use the Run box to open the System Information utility:
- Press Win + R (hold down the Windows key and press R).
- In the Run box, type msinfo32.
- Press Enter or click OK.
When the System Information window opens, in the left window pane you'll see a list of hardware categories. Expand Components, then Storage. Then, choose Drives, Disks, or any category you'd like to view.
Earlier versions of Microsoft Windows
In earlier versions of Microsoft Windows, you can open the System Information utility by following the steps below.
- Click Start and then click the "Programs" folder.
- Next, click the "Accessories" and then the "System Information" or "System Tools" folder.
- Open the "System Information" file.
- In the System Information window, click the + symbol next to Components.
- Click the "+" next to "Storage" and click on "Drives." In the right side of the window, you should find information about the hard drive including its capacity and serial number.
IBM compatible users
IBM compatible users can usually enter the computer's CMOS setup to view additional information about their hard drive. Commonly, the CMOS will list the hard drive's serial number, model number, cylinders, heads, sectors, and the size of the hard drive.
If the CMOS is not configured to auto-detect the hard drive, it is important to note that the hard drive values may not be correct.
Determining the speed or RPM of a hard drive
To determine the speed or RPM of a hard drive, you must first determine the manufacturer and model of the hard drive. Once you've determined this information, you can look up the drive on the manufacturer's web page to determine the RPM of the drive.
Some manufacturer's also list the RPM of the hard drive on the actual drive. If you open the computer and remove the hard drive, look on the top sticker to see if the RPM is listed.
There are dozens of free software utilities that are designed to detect the hardware in your computer. These utilities can display the model of your hard drive and additional information.
Other disk utilities
Many disk utilities designed to set up the hard drive will properly detect and configure it. Also, these utilities may also provide the user with some basic additional information about the hard drive.
For example, using the fdisk utility you can display additional information about the size of the hard drive and partition information.
Other methods of determining the hard drive
One of the best methods for determining additional information about a hard drive is to obtain information directly off the hard drive. The majority of hard drives have a sticker on the top of the drive that contains complete information about the drive. If you cannot locate the information you need through software, it is recommended you open the case and remove the hard drive to get the information you need.
Product listing or specifications
If you are trying to list all the specific information about your computer, specifying the manufacturer, model, type, and size of the hard drive is sufficient. Below is an example of how this may look.
Maxtor 54098H8 IDE 40Gig hard drive
Drivers or installation
Replacement or repair
If you are trying to determine the hard drive because it needs to be replaced or repaired, it is recommended that the drive be replaced with another hard drive. As long as you are using the same hard drive interface (IDE/SATA), the model or manufacturer of the previous drive should be irrelevant.