Alternatively referred to as ANSI art, text art, or word art, ASCII art is the process of forming pictures or art out of the characters available in the ASCII chart. These pictures were popular before the Internet and broadband when users connected with each other through a BBS. ASCII art can still be found today throughout the Internet and is still a popular form of creating a distinctive image.
Example of ASCII art
The picture is an example of ASCII art, using characters to create a picture of Captain Kirk from the original Star Trek series. The letters, numbers, and punctuation marks are chosen by the artist (or algorithm) based on the shape and content of the glyph. For instance, a slash (/) could be used to create a cross-hatching effect, as in comic books.
You can also view the original file by downloading the kirk.txt file, hosted here at Computer Hope.
ANSI art is similar to ASCII art, but it uses ANSI escape code sequences to encode foreground and background text colors. It also makes heavier use of extended ASCII characters, which can represent shapes and patterns in addition to alphanumeric characters. In the 1980s, as more home computers featured standardized color displays, ANSI art became increasingly popular.
In 1986, software author Ian E. Davis released a shareware ANSI text editor, TheDraw, that increased the accessibility and popularity of the ANSI art form. TheDraw also provided a way for drawings to be animated, by making clever use of ANSI escape sequences.
In the late 1980s and early 1990s, a competitive art scene developed in which ANSI artists packaged and released their work as zipped ANSI packs. These packs served a purpose analogous to a traditional artist collecting and displaying their work in an art gallery.
In the late 1990s, consumer operating systems moved away from console user interfaces, and the World Wide Web replaced the text-based BBS as the primary form of personal networking. Coinciding with this change in technology culture, ANSI art diminished in popularity, but it remains a niche art form with a cult following.