Dual-boot describes a computer that utilizes two operating systems. For example, you could have Windows 8 and macOS on the same machine with a dual-boot. The concept of installing more than two operating systems is known as a multi-boot. Some examples of software that assist with a dual-boot include Acronis Disk Director for Windows, Apple boot camp for Mac, and GRUB (GRand Unified Bootloader) for Linux users. These programs allow users to pick which operating system to load as the computer starts. Users can change operating systems for different applications if desired.
As an alternative, a virtual machine lets you run an operating system within an operating system.
Reasons why you may want to dual-boot
Trial run for new operating systems
Dual-boot is a great way for users to try a new operating system. With dual-boot, you can try a new OS (operating system) and still boot into your original OS whenever you want. A dual-boot configuration can be especially beneficial to network administrators or computer technicians who need to support or work with multiple system types.
Aside from testing a new operating system, dual-boot is also helpful in determining the compatibility of an application with your present computing environment. For example, a user could perform a dry run of an application on a separate OS installation. Doing this would ensure that the software is compatible with both systems before deleting their previous setup.
Another advantage of dual-boot is that it can make one computer functional for different users. For example, in a home setting, dual-boot lets you keep your work or files from being infected by questionable software downloaded by your kids. Or, for instance, you may have a Mac user and a PC user in your home. Dual-booting makes one machine work for both parties.