Short for Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory, EEPROM is a PROM that can be erased and reprogrammed using an electrical charge. EEPROM was developed by George Perlegos while at Intel in 1978 and unlike most memory inside a computer, this memory remembers data when the power is turned off.
EEPROM was a replacement for PROM and EPROM chips and is used for later computer's BIOS that were built after 1994. Having a computer with an EEPROM allows a computer user to update the BIOS in their computer without having to open the computer or remove any chips.
Where is the ROM on a computer?
For the computer the main EEPROM and BIOS is on the computer motherboard.