Gzip may refer to any of the following:
1. Short for GNU zip, Gzip is a compression tool on Unix-like systems that use the GNU command line tools. It was developed by Jean-Loup Gaily and Mark Alder and released on October 31, 1992. Files compressed with gzip usually contain the file name extension .gz.
2. With HTTP (hypertext transfer protocol) and content-encoding, HTTP/1.1 introduced gzip as a way for a web server to compress content before sending it to the visitor. Using gzip, a page loads faster because of the smaller size and can reduce overall bandwidth costs.
For example, this web page is 7.65 KB in size, and the gzipped version of this page is 2.47 KB (a data savings of 67.71%). If this example was multiplied by hundreds of thousands of pages, you can understand how it helps. This example is also only the .htm file, which does not include any external .CSS files to be gzipped.