IM is short for instant message, which is a message directly sent from one person to another. IM is also short for Instant Messenger, which is a program that connects users to the Internet or network to send text messages. When used as a verb, IM (instant messaging) is the act of sending a message and chatting in an IM program.
Unlike chat with multiple people talking at once, IM requires an IM client (program) and only lets you directly talk with someone online and in your buddy list. With these programs, you are notified when a friend is online and available to chat.
Examples of IM software
Below is a short list of IM software that is or was available for a computer. In the early 2000s, instant messenger programs became less and less popular as social networking sites, like Facebook and Twitter, began using social messaging apps. Today, most instant messaging happens through social network apps.
- AOL AIM (ICQ) - Closed on December 15, 2017.
- Gadu-Gadu - https://www.gadu-gadu.pl/ (Polish language)
- Gaim - became Pidgin.
- Google Talk - Discontinued in May 2013.
- QQ (OICQ) - http://www.qq.com/ (Chinese language)
- Windows Live Messenger - Moved to Skype.
- Yahoo! Messenger - Discontinued in 2018.
The image is an example graphic of what ICQ looked like, which was one of the first widely used Internet instant messenger programs.
Because the companies supporting and developing IM software are competitors, there often is no compatibility between them. If you're on AIM and you have a friend using MSN, you cannot talk together. Programs like Trillian and Gaim (now called Pidgin) were created to allow users to have any instant messengers in the same program. However, these types of programs still operate over different networks.
Examples of messaging apps
As more people use smartphones and social networking, messaging apps have become the most popular way to message family and friends. Below is a list of a few of the most popular messaging apps used today.
- Blackberry Messenger - Discontinued in 2019
- Facebook Messenger