Native resolution

Updated: 11/13/2018 by Computer Hope
Different display resolutions

The native resolution of a screen refers to the physical number of vertical and horizontal pixels contained within it. More plainly, the number of dots on the screen that can change color.

Furthermore, native resolution refers to dimensions at which the display should be running. For example, while a 23-inch computer monitor can change too many different resolutions, most should be set to 1920 x 1080 pixels.

How to determine native resolution in Windows 10

  1. Press the Windows key, type Display, then press Enter.
  2. In the Settings window under the Systems section, make sure that Display is highlighted.

The display tab in Windows 10.

  1. In the Scale and layout section, click the down arrow on the right side of the Resolution box.

The bar that lets you select the resolution to use on your monitor in Windows.

  1. In the drop-down menu that appears, the resolution that has (Recommended) next to it is your monitor's native resolution.

The drop-down menu that shows a monitor's native resolution.

Note

The resolutions available in this menu are based on the capabilities of your monitor and the GPU (graphics processing unit) in your computer.

Tip

If you have more than one monitor connected to your computer, you should see each of them displayed in the window pictured above next to the "Detect" and "Identify" buttons.

Note

As you increase the resolution, the overall picture will get smaller. However, the image quality improves because there are more pixels shown on the screen. A resolution of 1920x1080 is going to appear much larger and have poorer image quality than a resolution of 3840x2160.

Documentation: You may also determine the native resolution of your computer monitor by looking at its specifications online or in the provided user manual.

How to determine native resolution in Windows Vista, 7, and 8

  1. Open the Control Panel.
  2. Click the Display option.
  3. In the left navigation pane, click the Change display settings option.
  4. In the window that appears, click the down arrow on the right edge of the box next to Resolution.

Windows 7 video resolution settings

  1. In the drop-down menu that appears, the resolution that has (Recommended) next to it is your monitor's native resolution.
Note

The resolutions available in this menu are based on the capabilities of your monitor and the GPU (graphics processing unit) in your computer.

Tip

If you have more than one monitor connected to your computer, you should see each of them displayed in the window pictured above next to the "Detect" and "Identify" buttons.

Note

As you increase the resolution, the overall picture will get smaller. However, the image quality improves because there are more pixels shown on the screen. A resolution of 1920x1080 is going to appear much larger and have poorer image quality than a resolution of 3840x2160.

Documentation: You may also determine the native resolution of your computer monitor by looking at its specifications online or in the provided user manual.

What happens if I set the display to a non-native resolution?

All LCDs (liquid crystal displays) have a set number of pixels and cannot change for a different incoming signal. They must use scaling techniques to make an image with a non-native resolution fit the screen. When an image is scaled, there is no longer one-to-one pixel mapping and the image is less clear. Additionally, if the chosen resolution is not the same aspect ratio as the native resolution, black bars may appear on the top and bottom or sides of the screen.

Resolution, Scale, Video terms