Subscript may refer to any of the following:
1. Abbreviated as sub, subscript refers to words or characters that are half the height of a standard character and printed lower than other text. Below is an example of subscript text, which shows "Subscript Text" halfway below the bottom line of the "Normal Text."
Normal Text Subscript Text
Creating subscript in Microsoft Word
To create subscript in Microsoft Word, highlight the text you want to subscript and then click the subscript button, which is the X2 option in the Font section.
You can also highlight a section of text and then press Ctrl+= (equal sign) to change it to subscript. This shortcut can be helpful for when you don't want to access the superscript option in the Ribbon or Toolbar.
Creating subscript in Microsoft Excel
To create subscript in Microsoft Excel, follow these steps.
- Click the cell containing the text you want to make subscript.
- In the formula bar, highlight the character you want to set as subscript.
- Press Ctrl+1 to open the Format Cells window.
- Click the checkbox for the Subscript option and click OK.
The subscript characters are displayed in the cell, but not in the formula bar.
Creating subscript in HTML
Normal Text <sub>Subscript Text</sub>
Why would anyone need to use subscript?
Besides using subscript for its visual properties, there are other places that it can be used.
- Listing how many atoms are in a chemical formula. For example, with water, "H2O" indicates there are two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom.
- In mathematics, a subscript can describe different versions of the same variable or used to refer to a member of sequence or set.