A table is an arrangement of information in rows and columns containing cells that make comparing and contrasting information easier. As you can see in the following example, the data are much easier to read than they would be in a list containing that same data.
Example table in HTML
|Name||Date of Birth||Phone|
Example of the same data in a list
Name,Date of Birth,Phone
Joe Smith, 09-10-79,555-801-9876
Table in a database
In a database, a table consists of columns and rows of data, much like an Excel spreadsheet. It is often referenced by software programs and web pages, to store and retrieve data for users. There are multiple types of databases, but the structure of a table in each database type is mostly the same.