Arthur Samuel

Updated: 12/31/2022 by Computer Hope
Arthur Samuel

Name: Arthur L. Samuel

Born: 1901 in Emporia, Kansas

Death: July 29, 1990 (Age: 89)

Computer-related contributions

  • Known for his work and programming in computer gaming and AI (artificial intelligence).
  • Programed an IBM 704 to play checkers using a method where the machine can "learn" from its own experience. It is believed that Samual checkers-playing program is the first "self-learning" program, a demonstration of the concept of artificial intelligence, using one of the first software hash tables.
  • Influential in the use of transistors in computers at IBM.

Honors and awards

  • Computer Pioneer Award (1987).