Garry Kasparov

Updated: 11/16/2019 by Computer Hope
Garry Kasparov

Name: Garry Kasparov

Born: April 13, 1963, in Baku, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union

Computer-related contributions

  • Russian (formerly Soviet) chess grandmaster, a former World Chess Champion, writer, and political activist, considered by many to be the greatest chess player of all time.
  • Became the youngest ever undisputed World Chess Champion in 1985 at the age of 22 by defeating then-champion Anatoly Karpov.
  • Was the first world champion to lose a match to a computer under standard time controls, when he lost to Deep Blue in 1997. However, Kasparov was still able to gain three wins and two draws and win the match.
  • On May 11, 1997, an updated version of Deep Blue defeated Kasparov 3½–2½ in a highly publicised six-game match.

Significant publications

  • The Blueprint: Reviving Innovation, Rediscovering Risk, and Rescuing the Free Market (2013).
  • How Life Imitates Chess (2007).
  • Kasparov Against the World: The Story of the Greatest Online Challenge (2000).
  • Child of Change: An Autobiography (1987).
  • World Chess Championship Match: Moscow, 1985 (1986).
  • The Test of Time (1986).

Honors and awards

  • Record for the longest time as the No. 1 rated player in the world—from 1986 to 2005.
  • On the July 1999 and January 2000 FIDE rating lists Kasparov reached a 2851 Elo rating, the highest rating ever achieved.
  • Highest rated player in the world continuously from February 1985 until October 2004.


"Women, by their nature, are not exceptional chess players: they are not great fighters." (1989)

"It was a long time ago, and I was always speaking my mind... I don't believe [women are not exceptional chess players] now." (2017)