Updated: 09/15/2017 by Computer Hope
Name: Garry Kasparov
Born: April 13, 1963, in Baku, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
- Russian (formerly Soviet) chess grandmaster, a former World Chess Champion, writer, and political activist, considered by many to be the greatest chess player of all time.
- Became the youngest ever undisputed World Chess Champion in 1985 at the age of 22 by defeating then-champion Anatoly Karpov.
- Was the first world champion to lose a match to a computer under standard time controls, when he lost to Deep Blue in 1997. However, Kasparov was still able to gain three wins and two draws and win the match.
- In May 1997, an updated version of Deep Blue defeated Kasparov 3½–2½ in a highly publicised six-Game match.
- The Blueprint: Reviving Innovation, Rediscovering Risk, and Rescuing the Free Market (2013).
- How Life Imitates Chess (2007).
- Kasparov Against the World: The Story of the Greatest Online Challenge (2000).
- Child of Change: An Autobiography (1987).
- World Chess Championship Match: Moscow, 1985 (1986).
- The Test of Time (1986).
Honors and awards
- Record for the longest time as the No. 1 rated player in the world—from 1986 to 2005.
- On the July 1999 and January 2000 FIDE rating lists Kasparov reached a 2851 Elo rating, the highest rating ever achieved.
- Highest rated player in the world continuously from February 1985 until October 2004.
"Women, by their nature, are not exceptional chess players: they are not great fighters."