Name: John Bardeen
Born: May 23, 1908
Death: January 30, 1991 (Age: 82)
- American physicist and electrical engineer.
- Most known as the inventor of the transistor, which revolutionized the electronics industry.
Honors and awards
Bardeen is the only person to have won the Nobel Prize in Physics twice: first in 1956 with William Shockley and Walter Brattain for the invention of the transistor; and again in 1972 with Leon Neil Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer for a fundamental theory of conventional superconductivity known as the BCS theory.
- IEEE Medal of Honor (1971).
- LIFE Magazine's list of "100 Most Influential Americans of the Century (1990).
"Science is a field which grows continuously with ever expanding frontiers."