Name: Robert Hooke
Born: July 28, 1635, in Freshwater, Isle of Wight, England
Death: March 3, 1703 (Age: 67)
- English architect, natural philosopher, and polymath.
- Known for Hooke's law and Microscopy (applied the word 'cell').
- Built some of the earliest Gregorian telescopes.
- Promoted the use of microscopes for scientific exploration.
- Curator of experiments and member of the Royal Society.
- Surveyor to the City of London after the Great Fire of London.
- Collection of Lectures: Physical, Mechanical, Geographical and Astronomical (1679).
- Hevelius, A Description of Helioscopes with other instruments, Mechanical Improvement of Lamps, Remarks about Comets (1677).
Honors and awards
- Allan Chapman has referred to him as "England's Leonardo",
- Robert Gunther's Early Science in Oxford devotes five of its fourteen volumes to Hooke,
"The truth is, the Science of Nature has been already too long made only a work of the Brain and the Fancy: It is now high time that it should return to the plainness and soundness of Observations on material and obvious things."