Linux script command
This document covers the Linux version of script.
script makes a typescript of everything printed on your terminal. It is useful for users who need a hardcopy record of an interactive session as proof of work done, as the typescript file can be printed out later with lpr. If the file argument is given, script saves all dialogue in file. If no file name is given, the typescript is saved in a file named typescript.
script [-a] [-c command] [-e] [-f] [-q] [-t[=file]] [-V] [-h] [file]
|-a, --append||Append the output to file or typescript, retaining the prior contents.|
|-c, --command command||Run the command rather than an interactive shell. This option makes it easy for script to capture the output of a program that behaves differently when its standard output is not a tty.|
|-e, --return||Return the exit code of the child process. Uses the same format as bash termination on signal termination: exit code is 128+n.|
|-f, --flush||Flush output after each write. This option is nice for telecooperation: one person does "mkfifo foo; script -f foo", and another can supervise real-time what is being done using "cat foo".|
|--force||Allow the default output destination, i.e. the typescript file, to be a hard or symbolic link. The command will follow a symbolic link.|
|-q, --quiet||Operate without displaying any output.|
|-t, --timing[=file]||Output timing data to standard error, or to file when given. This data contains two fields, separated by a space. The first field indicates how much time elapsed since the previous output. The second field indicates how many characters were output this time. This information can be used to replay typescripts with realistic typing and output delays.|
|-V, --version||Display version information, and exit.|
|-h, --help||Display a help message, and exit.|
Certain interactive commands, such as vi, create garbage in the typescript file. script works best with commands that do not manipulate the screen; the results are meant to emulate a hardcopy terminal.
Logs all results to file myfile.txt. This command opens a subshell and records all information through this session. The script ends when the forked shell exits (e.g., when the user types exit) or when Ctrl-D is typed.
The output will be written to the file ./myfile.txt, and the last line of the file will log the date and time the command was executed.
script -c "ps ax" /tmp/processes.txt
Logs the output of the ps command, using the a and x options, which will force it to list all current processes on the system you have access to see. The output will be written to the file /tmp/processes.txt, and the last line of the file will log the date and time the command was executed.
script -c "echo \"Hello, World!\"" hello.txt
Logs the output of the echo command that echoes the text "Hello, World!". Since the entire command must appear in quotes, and the command contains quotes itself, the quotes in the command are escaped with a backslash. This "protects" them from the shell, telling it to treat them as literal quotes. Alternatively, we could have used single-quotes to enclose the command, and double-quotes inside the command to differentiate them.
The output will be written to the file ./hello.txt, and the last line of the file will log the date and time the command was executed.
script -c 'echo "Hello, World!"' hello.txt
Same as the example above.