Gopher was developed in 1991 at the University of Minnesota, and named after the school's mascot. Gopher is a menu-driven interface that allows a user to browse for text information served off of various gopher servers. With later versions of gopher, such as HyperGopher, users could also view GIF and JPEG files. After 1996, most gopher servers were either converted to the World Wide Web or taken offline. Below is a listing of some popular gopher tools used.
- Veronica was developed in November 1992, by a team at the University of Nevada at Reno and allowed a user to search gopher servers.
- Jughead is a version of Veronica that was developed at the University of Utah and searches only one gopher server at a time.