Set of coils wound around a core, usually made of iron generating a magnetic field, that creates energy between the coils. Transformers are used to step electrical currents up or down, and is the heart of computer power supplies. The illustration shows an example of the inside of a transformer. As can be seen in this picture, the circuits are not connected but are still able to transmit power over the electromagnetic field.
As an example, a transformer could step down incoming power by having more turns in the incoming or primary coil than in the secondary coil. For example, if there were double the amount of coil turns it would reduce the power in half. See our modem definition for an example of a transformer on a Modem.