Linux and Unix split command
Split a file into pieces.
split [OPTION]... [INPUT [PREFIX]]
split outputs fixed-size pieces of input INPUT to files named PREFIXaa, PREFIXab, ...
The default size for each split file is 1000 lines, and default PREFIX is "x". With no INPUT, or when INPUT is a dash ("-"), read from standard input.
|-a N, --suffix-length=N||Use suffixes of length N (default 2)|
|-b SIZE, --bytes=SIZE||Write SIZE bytes per output file.|
|-C SIZE, --line-bytes=SIZE||Write at most SIZE bytes of lines per output file.|
|-d, --numeric-suffixes||Use numeric suffixes instead of alphabetic.|
|-e, --elide-empty-files||Do not generate empty output files with "-n"|
|--filter=COMMAND||Write to shell command COMMAND; file name is $FILE|
|-l NUMBER, --lines=NUMBER||Put NUMBER lines per output file.|
|-n CHUNKS, --number=CHUNKS||Generate CHUNKS output files. (See below.)|
|-u, --unbuffered||Immediately copy input to output with "-n r/...".|
|--verbose||Print a verbose diagnostic just before each output file is opened.|
|--help||Display a help message and exit.|
|--version||Output version information and exit.|
SIZE may be one of the following, or an integer optionally followed by one of following multipliers:
|MB||1000 x 1000|
|M||1024 x 1024|
- N: split into N files based on size of input
- K/N: output Kth of N to standard output
- l/N: split into N files without splitting lines
- l/K/N: output Kth of N to standard output without splitting lines
- r/N: like "l" but use round robin distribution r/K/N likewise but only output Kth of N to standard output
split -b 22 newfile.txt new
Split the file newfile.txt into three separate files called newaa, newab and newac..., with each file containing 22 bytes of data.
split -l 300 file.txt new
Split the file newfile.txt into files beginning with the name new, each containing 300 lines of text.
csplit — Split files based on a defined context.