When referring to Hypertext Markup Language, the code is made up of sets of characters between angled brackets, often referred to as tags. The complete tag, including the opening tag, enclosed tag content, and the closing tag, is the HTML element, as shown below.
In the example above, the <a> element defines a hyperlink. An element may also tell the browser how to display text. For example, text in the bold element, denoted with <b> and </b>, displays darker text, whereas the italic element, denoted with <i> and </i>, makes italicized text.