Linux mkdir command

Updated: 04/26/2017 by Computer Hope

About mkdir

Short for "make directory", mkdir is used to create directories on a file system.


If the specified DIRECTORY does not already exist, mkdir creates it.

More than one DIRECTORY may be specified when calling mkdir.

mkdir syntax

mkdir [OPTION ...] DIRECTORY ...


-m, --mode=MODE Set file mode (as with the chmod command).
-p, --parents Create parent directories as necessary. When this option is used, no error is reported if a specified DIRECTORY already exists.
-v, --verbose Verbose output; print a message for each created directory.
-Z, --context=CTX Set the SELinux security context of each created directory to the context CTX.
--help Display a help message, and exit.
--version Display version information, and exit.

mkdir examples

mkdir mydir

Creates a new directory called mydir whose parent is the current directory.

mkdir -m a=rwx mydir

Create the mydir directory, and set its permissions such that all users may read, write, and execute the contents.

mkdir -p /home/chope/a/b/c

Creates the directory /home/chope/a/b/c. If the parent directory /home/chope/a/b does not already exist, mkdir will create that directory first.

rmdir — Remove a directory.