Computer processor history

Year Event
1823 Baron Jons Jackob Berzelius silicon (Si), which today is the basic component of processors.
1903 Nikola Tesla patents electrical logic circuits called "gates" or "switches".
1947 John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley invent the first transistor at the Bell Laboratories on December 23, 1947.
1948 John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley patent the first transistor.
1956 John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley are awarded the Nobel Prize in physics for their work on the transistor.
1958 The first integrated circuit is first developed by Robert Noyce of Fairchild Semiconductor and Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments. The first IC was demonstrated on September 12, 1958.
1960 IBM develops the first automatic mass-production facility for transistors in New York.
1968 Intel Corporation is founded by Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore.
1969 Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) is founded on May 1, 1969.
1971 Intel with the help of Ted Hoff introduces the first microprocessor, the Intel 4004 on November 15, 1971. The 4004 had 2,300 transistors, performed 60,000 operations per second (OPS), addressed 640 bytes of memory, and cost $200.00.
1972 Intel introduces the 8008 processor on April 1, 1972.
1974 Intel's improved microprocessor chip is introduced April 1, 1974, the 8080 becomes a standard in the computer industry.
1976 Intel introduces the 8085 processor on March 1976.
1976 The Intel 8086 is introduced June 8, 1976.
1979 The Intel 8088 is released on June 1, 1979.
1979 The Motorola 68000, a 16/32-bit processor is released and is later chosen as the processor for the Apple Macintosh and Amiga computers.
1982 The Intel 80286 is introduced February 1, 1982.
1985 Intel introduces the first 80386 in October 1985.
1987 The SPARC processor is first introduced by Sun.
1988 Intel 80386SX is introduced.
1991 AMD introduces the AM386 microprocessor family in March.
1991 Intel introduces the Intel 486SX chip in April in efforts to help bring a lower-cost processor to the PC market selling for $258.00.
1992 Intel releases the 486DX2 chip March 2 with a clock doubling ability that generates higher operating speeds.
1993 Intel releases the Pentium Processor on March 22 1993. The processor is a 60 MHz processor, incorporates 3.1 million transistors and sells for $878.00.
1994 Intel releases the second generation of Intel Pentium processors on March 7, 1994.
1995 Intel introduces the Intel Pentium Pro in November.
1996 Intel announces the availability of the Pentium 150 MHz with 60MHz bus and 166 MHz with 66 MHz bus on January 4th.
1997 Intel Pentium II is introduced on May 7, 1997.
1999 Intel releases the Celeron 366 MHz and 400 MHz processors on January 4th.
1999 The Intel Pentium III 500 MHz is released on February 26, 1999.
1999 The Intel Pentium III 550 MHz is released on May 17, 1999.
1999 The Intel Pentium III 600 MHz is released on August 2, 1999.
1999 The Intel Pentium III 533B and 600B MHz is released on September 27, 1999.
1999 The Intel Pentium III Coppermine series is first introduced on October 25, 1999.
2000 On January 5 AMD releases the 800 MHz Athlon processor.
2000 Intel releases the Celeron 533 MHz with a 66 MHz bus processor on January 4th.
2000 Intel announces on August 28th that it will recall its 1.3 GHz Pentium III processors due to a glitch. Users with these processors should contact their vendors for additional information about the recall.
2001 On January 3 Intel releases the 800 MHz Celeron processor with a 100 MHz bus.
2001 On January 3 Intel releases the 1.3 GHz Pentium 4 processor.
2001 On October 9, 2001 AMD announces a new branding scheme. Instead of identifying processors by their clock speed the AMD XP will bear monikers of 1800+, 1700+, 1600+, and 1500+, with each lower model number representing a lower clock speed.
2002 Intel releases the Celeron 1.3 GHz with a 100 MHz bus and 256 kB of level 2 cache.
2003 Intel Pentium M is introduced in March.
2006 Intel releases the Core2 Duo Processor E6320 (4M Cache, 1.86 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) April 22, 2006.
2006 Intel introduces the Intel Core 2 Duo processors with the Core2 Duo Processor E6300 (2M Cache, 1.86 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) July 27, 2006.
2007 Intel releases the Core2 Duo Processor E4300 (2M Cache, 1.80 GHz, 800 MHz FSB) January 21, 2007.
2007 Intel releases the Core2 Duo Processor E4400 (2M Cache, 2.00 GHz, 800 MHz FSB) April 22, 2007.
2007 Intel releases the Core2 Duo Processor E4500 (2M Cache, 2.20 GHz, 800 MHz FSB) July 22, 2007.
2007 Intel releases the Core2 Duo Processor E4500 (2M Cache, 2.20 GHz, 800 MHz FSB) July 22, 2007.
2007 Intel releases the Core2 Duo Processor E4600 (2M Cache, 2.40 GHz, 800 MHz FSB) October 21, 2007.
2008 Intel releases the Core2 Duo Processor E4700 (2M Cache, 2.60 GHz, 800 MHz FSB) March 2, 2008.
2008 Intel releases the Core 2 Duo E7200 (3M Cache, 2.53 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) on April 20, 2008.
2008 Intel releases the Core2 Duo Processor E7300 (3M Cache, 2.66 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) August 10, 2008.
2008 Intel releases the Core2 Duo Processor E7400 (3M Cache, 2.80 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) October 19, 2008.
2009 Intel releases the Core2 Duo Processor E7500 (3M Cache, 2.93 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) January 18, 2009
2009 Intel releases the Core2 Duo Processor E7600 (3M Cache, 3.06 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) May 31, 2009

Computer History