Internal command

External and Internal MS-DOS and Windows command line commandsAn internal command is an MS-DOS command that is stored in the system memory and loaded from the command.com or cmd.exe. The illustration shows how commands contained within command.com are part of the command.com file. However, with the external commands, each of the commands are their own separate file.

Listing of internal commands

Below are examples of internal commands in MS-DOS and the Windows command line currently listed in the Computer Hope database.

Assoc
Atmadm
Break
Call
CD
Chdir
Cls
Color
Copy
Ctty
Date
Del
Dir
Drivparm
Echo
Endlocal
Erase
Exit

For
Goto
If
LH
Loadhigh

Lock
Md
Mkdir

Mklink
Move
Path
Pause
Popd
Prompt
Pushd

Rd
Ren
Rename

Rmdir
Set
Setlocal
Shift
Start
Switches
Time
Title
Type

Unlock
Ver
Verify
Vol

Where are the internal command files stored?

All of the internal commands are part of command.com or cmd.exe (depending on your version of MS-DOS or Windows) and are not separate files on the hard drive.

How do you run an external command?

As long as you can open a command line you can run any of the Internal commands included with your version of MS-DOS or Microsoft Windows.

Related pages

Also see: External command, Internal, Operating system terms, Recovery console command