When referring to a web page, an access log is a file or group of files containing a list of each of the files accessed on a server. Most servers log the IP address, date, time, file, browser, operating system, or the referring page. Below is an example of how an entry in the access log may look.
126.96.36.199 - - [22/Feb/2005:17:32:27 -0800] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 1406 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.0; rv:1.7.3) Gecko/20040913 Firefox/0.10.1" "www.computerhope.com"
Most users do not require access a raw access log because many web hosts have a report or chart automatically generated from the log. If you need to find who or what is accessing a file or everything an address accessed on the server, it can be found in the raw access log.