Linux nohup command
On Unix-like operating systems, the nohup command executes another command, and instructs the system to continue running it even if the session is disconnected.
The name nohup stands for "no hangup." The hangup (HUP) signal, which is normally sent to a process to inform it the user has logged off (or "hung up"), is intercepted by nohup, allowing the process to continue running.
nohup command [command-argument ...]
nohup --help | --version
|--help||Display a help message and exit.|
|--version||Output version information and exit.|
If standard output is a terminal, command output is appended to the file nohup.out if possible, or $HOME/nohup.out otherwise.
If standard error is a terminal, it is redirected to standard output.
To save output to a file named file, use "nohup command > file".
Run the command mycommand. It does not receive input. All output, including any error messages, is written to the file nohup.out in the working directory, or in your home directory. If mycommand is running when you log out or close the terminal, mycommand does not terminate.
nohup mycommand &
Same as the previous command, but this form (when using the bash shell) returns you immediately to the shell prompt. The "&" symbol at the end of the command instructs bash to run nohup mycommand in the background. It can be brought back to the foreground with the fg bash builtin command.
When using &, you see the bash job ID in brackets, and the PID (process ID) listed after. For example:
You can use the PID to terminate the process prematurely. For instance, to send it the TERM (terminate) signal with the kill command:
kill -9 25132
nice — Invoke a command with an altered scheduling priority.