Star topology

Updated: 01/24/2018 by Computer Hope
Star topology

Alternatively referred to as a star network, star topology is one of the most common network setups. In this configuration, every node connects to a central network device, like a hub, switch, or computer. The central network device acts as a server and the peripheral devices act as clients. Depending on the type of network card used in each computer of the star topology, a coaxial cable or an RJ-45 network cable is used to connect computers together. The image shows how this network setup gets its name, as it is shaped like a star.

Advantages of star topology

  • Centralized management of the network, through the use of the central computer, hub, or switch.
  • Easy to add another computer to the network.
  • If one computer on the network fails, the rest of the network continues to function normally.

Disadvantages of star topology

  • May have a higher cost to implement, especially when using a switch or router as the central network device.
  • The central network device determines the performance and number of nodes the network can handle.
  • If the central computer, hub, or switch fails, the entire network goes down and all computers are disconnected from the network.

Network terms, Topology