How to copy a directory or folder

Microsoft Windows users
MS-DOS and Windows command line users
Linux and Unix users

Copy directoryMicrosoft Windows

To copy a folder in Microsoft Windows, follow the steps below. When copying a folder in Windows, everything in the folder including all files and subdirectories will be copied.

  1. Locate and highlight the folder you want to copy.
  2. Right-click the folder and select Copy or click Edit and then Copy.
  3. Move to the location you want to place the folder and all its contents and click Edit and then Paste or right-click and then click Paste.

Tip: Once a file has been copied, it can be pasted anywhere on the computer, including the Desktop, another folder, or a drive.

Tip: You can also use the keyboard shortcuts to copy and paste files on the computer. For example, you could highlight any file and press Ctrl + C to copy the file. Once copied, you can move to where you want to paste the file and then press Ctrl + V to paste the file.

MS-DOS and Windows command line

xcopy commandTo copy a directory in MS-DOS, use the MS-DOS xcopy command. Below is a basic example with each of the steps to do this in MS-DOS. If you need additional information about the xcopy command or additional examples, see the above xcopy command page.

Note: By default, the basic xcopy command only copies files in the directory you specify as the source directory. You must use the /E option to copy subdirectories within the source directory as well.

Copy a directory and contents

xcopy c:\example c:\example2

In the above example, the directory "example" is copied into a new directory called "example2".

Copy the contents of a directory into another directory

  1. Move to the directory of where you want to copy the directories and subdirectories. In the example below, we will be moving to the temp2 directory using the cd command.

cd\temp2

  1. Once in the directory, use the xcopy command to copy another directory's subdirectories and contents. In the example below, we're copying the "temp3" contents into the "temp2" directory. Keep in mind that this will not copy the actual directory "temp3". Just the files and subdirectories in the temp3 directory will be copied.

xcopy c:\temp3 /e

Once the above steps have been completed, everything should be copied into the temp2 folder.

Copy a directory with a space in the name

Tip: When dealing with a space in a file or directory, you always surround it with quotes.

xcopy c:\test "c:\space test"

In the above example, the directory "test" is copied into a new directory called "space test".

How to copy a directory to another drive

xcopy c:\test d:\test

In the above example the "test" directory on the C: drive would copy to the "test" directory on the D: drive.

Linux and Unix

cp commandTo copy a directory with all subdirectories and files, use the Linux and Unix cp command. Below is an example command of how you would use the cp command to copy files. Additional information about this command and other examples can also be found in the above cp link.

cp -r /home/hope/files/* /home/hope/backup

In the above example, the cp command would copy all files, directories, and subdirectories in the /home/hope/files directory to the /home/hope/backup directory.

Additional information