How to access a home network router setup or console
This document is meant to provide home network users a general resource on how to access their router setup or console and adjust the settings and information. Because of how many different routers are available today, not all of the steps below may apply to you.
Tip: Skip all the steps below by trying the most common IP router addresses. Click either http://192.168.1.1, http://192.168.2.1, or http://10.0.0.1 to open a new window in your browser with the router setup. If these links do not work follow the steps below.
Determine router address
Before being able to access the router you must determine its IP address by following the steps below.
Microsoft Windows users
- Open the Windows command prompt.
- At the command prompt type: ipconfig and press enter. After doing this you should get information similar to the example below.
Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection:
Connection-specific DNS Suffix . : computerhope.com.
IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.1.103
Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.1.1
- If you have multiple network adapters make sure you are looking at the Ethernet adapter. The Default Gateway address is the IP address of your router connected to your computer. In the above example, the IP address we want to remember is 192.168.1.1.
Note: If you have multiple routers in your home or business, such as a cable and wireless router skip to the below multiple router users section.
Linux users can follow the same steps listed above for Windows users. However, instead of using the ipconfig command in the console you would want to be using the ip command and viewing the information for inet. For example:
ip a | grep inet
inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo inet6 ::1/128 scope host inet 192.168.1.17/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global dynamic eth0 inet6 fe77::ea9a:8fbf:fa17:74b7/64 scope link
If you are using multiple routers in your network setup, make sure you know the IP address of the specific router you want to access. If this isn't the router you're currently connected to, you can try performing a traceroute.
To perform a traceroute using Microsoft Windows, type: tracert computerhope.com. If you are using Linux, type: traceroute computerhope.com. Either of these commands will provide you with output similar to the example below.
1 1 ms <1 ms <1 ms 192.168.1.1
2 <1 ms <1 ms <1 ms 192.168.2.1
3 * * * Request timed out.
14 31 ms 31 ms 30 ms unknown. Level3.net [220.127.116.11]
15 31 ms 29 ms 31 ms gi-3-14.dcr1.slc.xmission.net [18.104.22.168]
16 91 ms 203 ms 215 ms 404.gi-1-2.asr1.slc.xmission.net [22.214.171.124]
17 44 ms 29 ms 31 ms www.computerhope.com [126.96.36.199]
As can be seen in the above example, the first two hops are the internal routers. If we want to look at the router connected to the Internet the address we would remember the address is 192.168.2.1.
Accessing the router
Once you have determined the IP address of the router you want to access, open an Internet browser window and in the address bar type the IP address. So, if you are IP address was 192.168.2.1 enter "192.168.2.1" in the address bar.
If accessible, you should be prompted for a username and password. Enter this information. If you do not know this information it is likely the default username and password is being used (this should be changed), the default information for your router can be found in the router documentation. Often it is either "admin" or "administrator" as both username and password or one or the other as the username and no password.
After entering the proper username and password you should have full access to the router and be able to manage the router and its settings.
Unable to access
If you are unable to access the router using the above steps, try pinging the router IP address by typing: ping 192.168.1.1 (enter your router IP address if different) at the command prompt or in the console. If you do not get a response back, check your network connections.
If you get a ping response back but cannot access the router through the above steps, it is possible that your router settings are accessed differently. Alternatively you can try telneting to the router.