PeripheralAlternatively referred to as an auxiliary device, a peripheral is hardware input device or output device that gives a computer additional functionality. Peripheral devices, however, are not essential for the computer to perform it's basic tasks; they can' be though of as an enhancement to the user's experience. The following section contains examples of computer peripherals.

Computer peripheral examples

Note:Unlike the computer, a peripheral is incapable of operating by itself and relies on the computer to function properly.

What peripheral devices come with a computer?

When you buy a new desktop computer, it comes with at keyboard, mouse, sound card, power plug, and may also include a monitor. A laptop computer includes everything, so it only includes a power cord.

Tip: See our computer definition for a full listing of computer components and everything found within a computer.

Related pages

Also see: Accessory, Bells and whistles, Expansion, Hardware, Hardware terms