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PeripheralAlternatively referred to as an auxiliary device, a peripheral is hardware input device or output device that gives a computer additional functionality. Peripheral devices, however, are not essential for the computer to perform it's basic tasks; they can' be though of as an enhancement to the user's experience. The following section contains examples of computer peripherals.

Computer peripheral examples

Note:Unlike the computer, a peripheral is incapable of operating by itself and relies on the computer to function properly. To find the roles or functions of each of the peripherals click on each of the above links.

What peripheral devices come with a computer?

When you buy a new desktop computer, it comes with at keyboard, mouse, sound card, power plug, and may also include a monitor. A laptop computer includes everything, so it only includes a power cord.

Tip: See our computer definition for a full listing of computer components and everything found within a computer.

Also see: Accessory, Bells and whistles, Expansion, Hardware, Hardware terms