Name: John Backus
Born: December 3, 1924, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Death: March 17, 2007 (Age: 83)
- American computer scientist.
- Directed the team that invented the first widely used high-level programming language (FORTRAN).
- Inventor of the Backus-Naur form (BNF), the almost universally used notation to define formal language syntax.
- Known for Speedcoding; FORTRAN; ALGOL; Backus-Naur form; Function-level programming.
Honors and awards
- Named an IBM Fellow (1963).
- Awarded W.W. McDowell Award (1967).
- Received National Medal of Science (1975).
- Awarded ACM Turing Award (1977).
- Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1985).
- Awarded degree honoris causa from the Université Henri Poincaré (1989).
- Awarded Draper Prize (1993).
- Awarded Computer History Museum Fellow Award (1997).
- Asteroid 6830 Johnbackus named in his honor (2007).
"They don't like thinking in medical school. They memorize - that's all they want you to do. You must not think."
"Much of my work comes from being lazy."