Computer history - 1997
Major computer events in 1997
1997 computer and technology top terms
The following are some top computer and technology-related terms in alphabetical order that were introduced or popularized during 1997.
New computer products and services introduced in 1997
The first revision of the ATX (advanced technology extended) standard (version 2.01) was released in February 1997.
AMD released its K6 processor line in April 1997, with speeds of 166 MHz to 300 MHz and a 66 MHz bus speed.
Winamp was released on April 21, 1997.
Intel Pentium II was introduced on May 7, 1997.
Perl 5.004 was released on May 15, 1997.
The game Blood was released on May 31, 1997.
Microsoft released Internet Explorer 4.0 in September 1997.
Age of Empires was released on October 15, 1997, by Ensemble Studios. The game became popular, selling over 20 million copies worldwide. Its success resulted in the release of several sequels, a spin-off game series titled Age of Mythology, and a port to the Nintendo DS for two game releases. It also influenced other real-time strategy games, like Rise of Nations and Star Wars: Galactic Battlegrounds.
The first installment in the Grand Theft Auto series was by DMA Design on October 21, 1997.
FruityLoops was released on December 18, 1997. The program would later become FL Studio.
IBM introduced the IntelliStation, a line of Microsoft Windows NT-based workstations for commercial users.
IBM announced the world's highest-capacity desktop OPC disk drive. The 16.8-gigabyte drive incorporated breakthrough technology called GMR (giant magnetoresistive) heads.
Microsoft released Excel 97 in 1997.
Apple introduced the first Power Macintosh G3 desktop in November 1997.
The video game Constructor was released.
Apple released macOS 8.
Caldera Linux was introduced in 1997.
CD-RW (compact disc re-writable) drives and media were introduced.
OpenLinux was released by Caldera Systems (now known as the SCO Group) in 1997.
HyperCam was released in 1997 by Hyperionics and Solveig.
The Symbian mobile operating system was released by Nokia.
Microsoft Word 97 was released in 1997.
PXI (PCI extensions for instrumentation) was introduced in 1997 by National Instruments.
Carsten Haitzler released Enlightenment.
Computer and technology-related events in 1997
HTTP/1.1 was specified in RFC 2616 and officially released in January 1997.
The world learned of Dolly, the first successfully cloned mammal, on February 22, 1997.
Microsoft merged Video for Windows into DirectX 5, then began calling it DirectShow in March 1997.
A cult known as the Heaven's Gate, which earned its money from designing websites, committed mass suicide on March 27, 1997.
Sierra Semiconductor announced a name change to PMC-Sierra, Inc. on June 9, 1997. The trading symbol for the publicly traded company on the NASDAQ National Market also changed from "SERA" to "PMCS."
The Mars Pathfinder successfully landed on Mars on July 4, 1997. The NASA Pathfinder website showing real-time images sent from the Pathfinder on Mars received more than 100 million hits during its first four days. In response to the popularity, NASA set up 25 mirror pages to handle the traffic. The site set a new popularity record.
The client-side scripting language ECMAScript was released.
The first paywall was introduced by the Wall Street Journal.
Unwired Planet developed HDML (handheld device markup language).
Connectix introduced Virtual PC in 1997.
Quantum Teleportation was first successfully achieved, bringing quantum computing closer to reality.
The Slashdot website launched in 1997.
The first black hat conference was held in 1997.
Nick Szabo coined the term smart contract in 1997.
Internet2 consortium was established in 1997.
Several computer manufacturers introduced sub 1,000 computers, which cost less than $1,000.
AOL faced several lawsuits from subscribers upset about the difficulties encountered when connecting to its services.
The dancing baby became one of the Internet's first fads. The dancing baby was a short 3D animation of a small dancing baby wearing diapers. It was first created by Michael Girard and later tweaked by Ron Lussier at LucasArts, who released it on a CompuServe forum as chacha.avi.
Altavista introduced its free online translator, Babel Fish, in 1997.
Digital Video Discs, aka DVDs (Digital Versatile Discs), first went on sale in 1997.
Bill Gates became the world's richest businessman in 1997.
The concept of a CAPTCHA (Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart) was invented in 1997.
Fortran 95 was introduced in 1997.
The command nmap was released in 1997.
The first true social media website is considered to be SixDegrees.com, created in 1997 by Andrew Weinreich.
The term ICT (information and communications technology) was popularized in 1997.
The TRUSTe organization was founded in 1997.
The Li-ion battery was first used for commercial uses.
Computer companies and organizations founded in 1997
Kibble changed its name to Netflix and was established on August 29, 1997.
ABBYY was founded in 1997.
AmbiCom Holdings, Inc. was founded in 1997.
Belarc was founded in 1997.
Billionton Systems was founded in 1997.
Chassis Plans was founded in 1997.
Club 3D was founded in 1997.
Cyrix was established in 1997.
Dot Hill Systems was founded in 1997.
Dynapower USA was founded in 1997.
E ink was established in 1997.
GoDaddy was founded in 1997.
HTC was founded in 1997.
The international non-profit organization ICVolunteers was founded in 1997.
Kaspersky was founded in 1997.
L-3 Communications Holdings was founded in 1997.
Leoptics was founded in 1997.
Ligos was founded in 1997.
Mediatek was founded in 1997.
NCSOFT was founded in 1997.
Netflix was established in 1997.
PowerColor was founded in 1997.
Velocity Micro was founded in 1997.
Webroot Software was founded in 1997.
WinChip was founded in 1997.
Yandex was founded in 1997.
Zebronics was founded in 1997 by Rajesh Doshi.
Computer company events in 1997
Phoenix acquired NJK (Nihon Joho Kenkyujo) on January 2, 1997.
Microsoft invested $150 million in Apple Computers Inc. on August 6, 1997, and agreed to continue creating software for Apple computers. In agreement, Apple made Microsoft Internet Explorer its browser for Macintosh computers.
Micropolis went out of business on December 10, 1997.
3Com bought U.S. Robotics for $6.6 billion, making the consolidation the largest in the history of computer companies.
Banksia and NetComm merged in late 1997.
EIA (Electronic Industries Alliance) changed its name from Electronic Industries Association in 1997.
Post-Newsweek Cable was renamed to Cable One in 1997. Today, the company is known as Sparklight.
Zoran acquired ComCore Multimedia in 1997.
Internet domains that came online in 1997
The domain facebook.com came online on March 28, 1997.
The domain craigslist.com came online on September 24, 1997.
The domain netflix.com came online on November 10, 1997.
Discontinued products and services in 1997
Mosaic development and support was officially discontinued on January 7, 1997.
The NewsPad project was ended in 1997.
Computer pioneer deaths in 1997
Jean Hoerni passed away on January 12, 1997 (Age: 73).
Mina Rees passed away on October 25, 1997 (Age: 92).
Cyril Cleverdon passed away on December 4, 1997 (Age: 83).
John Pinkerton passed away on December 22, 1997 (Age: 78).