Updated: 09/15/2017 by Computer Hope
Name: John McCarthy
Born: September 4, 1927, in Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Death: October 24, 2011 (Age: 84)
- American computer scientist and cognitive scientist.
- Coined the term "artificial intelligence" (AI), created the Lisp programming language family, influenced the design of the ALGOL programming language, and made timesharing popular.
- Programs with Common Sense. In Proceedings of the Teddington Conference on the Mechanization of Thought Processes (1959).
- Recursive functions of symbolic expressions and their computation by machine (1960).
- A basis for a mathematical theory of computation. In Computer Programming and formal systems (1963).
- Situations, actions, and causal laws. Technical report, Stanford University (1963).
- Some philosophical problems from the standpoint of artificial intelligence (1969).
- Epistemological problems of artificial intelligence (1977).
- Circumscription: A form of non-monotonic reasoning (1980).
Honors and awards
- Turing Award from the Association for Computing Machinery (1971).
- Kyoto Prize (1988).
- National Medal of Science (USA) in Mathematical, Statistical, and Computational Sciences (1990).
- Inducted as a Fellow of the Computer History Museum (1999).
- Benjamin Franklin Medal in Computer and Cognitive Science from the Franklin Institute (2003).
- Inducted into IEEE Intelligent Systems' AI's Hall of Fame, for the "significant contributions to the field of AI and intelligent systems" (2011).