Computer History - 1971

Updated: 05/05/2017 by Computer Hope

Major computer events in 1971

Intel 4004Intel with the help of Ted Hoff introduces the first microprocessor, the Intel 4004 on November 15, 1971. The 4004 had 2,300 transistors, performed 60,000 operations per second (OPS), addressed 640 bytes of memory, and cost $200.00. Intel also introduced the 4-bit bus.

First edition of Unix released November 03, 1971. The first edition of the "Unix PROGRAMMER'S MANUAL by Ken Thompson and Dennis M. Ritchie." It includes over 60 commands like: b (compile B program); boot (reboot system); cat (concatenate files); chdir (change working directory); chmod (change access mode); chown (change owner); cp (copy file); ls (list directory contents); mv (move or rename file); roff (run off text); wc (get word count); who (who is one the system). The main thing missing was pipes.

Other computer events in 1971

Ray Tomlinson sends the first e-mail, the first messaging system to send messages across a network to other users.

The computer gets a voice, IBM introduces its first speech recognition program capable of recognizing about 5,000 words.

Bob Bemer publishes world's first warning on Year 2000 problem in 1971.

While at Intel, Dov Frohman invents and patents (#3,660,819) the EPROM.

The first laser printer is developed at Xerox PARC and Alan Kay sketches the first concepts of what today we consider a tablet computer.

FTP is first purposed April 16, 1971 by Abhay Bhushan of MIT in RFC 114.

Steve Wozniak and Bill Fernandez develop a computer called the Cream Soda Computer.

Memristor is first theorized by Leon Chua.

New computer products and services introduced in 1971

The first 8" floppy diskette drive was introduced.

Project Gutenberg is founded with a reproduction of the Declaration of Independence.

Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney create the first arcade game called "Computer Space."

Schadt and Helfrich develop twisted nematic.

The Unix ed command is introduced in 1971.

Niklaus Wirth invents the Pascal programming language.

Computer companies founded in 1971

Datatronics is founded.

SMC is founded.

Computer pioneers born in 1971

Becky WorleyBecky Worley is born February 4, 1971.

Elon Musk is born June 28, 1971.

Julian Assange is born July 3, 1971.

Marc Andreessen is born July 9, 1971.

Sky Dayton is born August 8, 1971.

Computer pioneer deaths in 1971

Philo FarnsworthPhilo Farnsworth passes away March 11, 1971 (Age: 64)

Wallace Eckert passes away August 24, 1971 (Age: 69)

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