Home row keys
Term used to describe the row of keys on the computer keyboard your fingers rest on when not typing. For example, on the standard QWERTY United States keyboard, the home row keys for your left hand are A, S, D, and F and your right hand are J, K, l, and ; . For both hands, the thumbs rest on the spacebar. By positioning your hands properly on the home row keys you can memorize where all other keys on the keyboard are located.
On the Dvorak United States keyboard, the home row keys on your left hand are A, O, E, and U and your right hand are H, T, N, and S, with the thumbs resting on the spacebar.
Placing your fingers on the home row keys helps increase your typing speed because of the ability to access all other keys by moving your fingers up or down to keys on the other rows. Faster typing relies on each finger pressing specific keys that are nearby, without having to move your whole hand or other fingers.
While its been suggested that Dvorak keyboard users can type faster than QWERTY keyboard users, it really depends on each user. Some users are just naturally faster at typing than others, regardless of the type of keyboard used.
Tip: There is also a home row of 4, 5, and 6 on the numeric keypad.