1. Alternatively referred to as an admin, administrator, and gatekeeper, root is a superuser on a computer or network and has complete control. When referring to a Unix and Linux computer this user is often known as root and on a Windows computer and network this user is often referred to as an administrator. However, each of these terms is interchangeable.
- How do I know if I have Windows administrator rights?
- Missing administrator log in on Windows XP.
- Giving a Windows XP account administrator rights.
- See the su or superuser command page for further information on this Linux command.
An admin or System Administrator is also a job position and person who is responsible for maintaining each of the computers and network in a corporate environment.
2. The root is also the highest level in a directory hierarchy. For example, in MS-DOS, the root or root directory of the primary hard drive would C:\. When working on a web page the root directory will be your home directory or your public_html directory.
- MS-DOS help and support.
- Users in the Microsoft recovery console can set the current directory to the system root directory by using the systemroot command.
3. Root is also an ability, effect, or spell in computer games that locks a target in place. For example, in the game World of Warcraft the Mage class has a spell called Frost Nova that freezes an enemy in place for a few seconds.
Also see: Administrative, Avatar, BOFH, Current directory, Full rights, Game terms, Hierarchical file system, Home, Moderator, Op, Owner, Parent directory, Power user, Remote admin, Security terms, Sysop