Computer History - 1949

Updated: 05/08/2017 by Computer Hope

Major computer events in 1949

Manchester Mark 1The Manchester Mark 1 becomes operational in April of 1949. The Harvard-MARK III, the first of the MARK machines to use an internally stored program and indirect addressing, goes into operations again under the direction of Howard Aiken.

Other computer events in 1949

Richard Hamming develops Hamming code.

Claude Shannon first proposes the idea of block ciphers in his paper Communication Theory of Secret Systems.

Claude Shannon builds the first machine that plays chess at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

The first atomic clock was built in 1949 at the U.S. National Bureau of Standards.

The concept of a computer program capable of reproducing itself was first mentioned by John von Neumann in his 1949 "Theory of self-reproducing automata" essay.

Popular Mechanics predicts: "Computers in the future may weigh no more than 1.5 tons."

The small-scale electronic machine (SSEM) is fully operational at Manchester University.

New computer products and services introduced in 1949

The EDSAC performs its first calculation on May 6, 1949.

The Australian computer CSIRAC is first ran.

Computer companies founded in 1949

The first computer company, Electronic Controls Company is founded by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly, the same individuals who helped create the ENIAC computer.

Tally is founded.

Computer pioneers born in 1949

Robert Cohn is born in April 1949

John Thomson is born April 24, 1949

Howard Cunningham is born May 26, 1949

Bob Wallace is born May 29, 1949

Robert Frankston is born June 14, 1949

Alain Glavieux is born July 4, 1949

John Chambers is born August 23, 1949

John Markoff is born October 24, 1949

Barry Lam is born in 1949

David Bradley is born in 1949

Mike Berlyn is born in 1949

Paul Ceruzzi is born in 1949

Computer pioneer deaths in 1949

James Bryce passes away in 1949 (Age: 69)

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