How to create a text file
When we refer to a "text file" we are talking about a plain text file without any text formatting (e.g., bold), images, different fonts, font sizes, etc. If you need to create a more rich document with any of these features see: How to create a document.
The below recommendations are for programs included with an operating system. You can also download and install a more powerful and free text editor such as Notepad++ to create, view, and edit text files.
Open and use Notepad
The easiest way to create a text file in Windows is to open up the Notepad software program on your computer. The Notepad is a text editor included with Microsoft Windows.
A text file is considered a plaintext file and Notepad is only capable of creating and editing plaintext files. Notepad saves any text file with a .txt file extension, which means no special formatting or fonts can be used.
The Windows Notepad program can be opened using either of the methods below.
- Click Start.
- Open All Programs, Accessories, then click the Notepad shortcut.
Save the file as a text file
You can also create a text file using any other word processing software program, like Microsoft Word or WordPad. When saving the file, change the file name or file type to Plain Text to save it as a text file. In many of these programs, you also have the option to save the file as a Rich Text Format.
After the file is created and saved, it can also be edited using Notepad or another word processing software program.
Create a new text file from the desktop
Creating a text file this way opens your default text editor with a blank text file on your desktop. You can change the name of the file to anything you want. You can edit the file in the Notepad program or any other word processing software program, like Microsoft Word.
These same steps can be used in any other location on your computer, for example, another folder.
Create a text file from the Windows command line
While in the Windows command line, you also can create a new text file in the current directory. With earlier versions of Windows, a new file of any type, including text files, could be created using the edit command line command. Later versions of Windows removed the ability to use the edit command for this purpose. Instead, you can use the echo command at the Windows command line to create an empty text file in the current directory. An example of using this shown below.
In the example above, you are using the echo command to create a file named "myfile.txt" in the current directory. Note that there are no spaces between echo, the period, the greater-than sign (>), and the file name.
Another option for creating a text file from the command line is with the start command, as shown in the example below.
start notepad myfile.txt
In this example, you are using the start command to open Notepad with the file "myfile.txt". Assuming this file does not exist, it would be created and saved in your current directory. If the file did exist, you would be editing that file.
Create a text file from within a Linux shell
After entering the command above, the editor opens and allows you to create a text file. When done, press Ctrl+X to exit the file. When prompted to save the file, if you want to keep the file, press "Y" for yes.
The .txt file extension is not required in Linux. It is a file extension most commonly found and used with Windows. If you do not need the file to open in Windows, you can have no file extension or rename it to whatever you want.
- How to open, view, and edit the contents of a file on a computer.
- See our text file definition for further information and related links.
- Computer file help and support.