64-bit

Updated: 01/31/2019 by Computer Hope

64-bit wow64Alternatively referred to as WOW64 and x64, 64-bit is a CPU architecture that is capable of transferring 64-bits of data per clock cycle. It is an improvement over previous 32-bit processors. The number "64" represents the size of the basic unit of data that your CPU can process. For instance, the largest unsigned integer you can represent in 32 bits (32 binary digits) is 2^32-1, or 4,294,967,295. In 64 bits, this number increases to 2^64-1, or 18,446,744,073,709,551,615.

More specifically, 64 bits is the size of the registers on a 64-bit CPU's microprocessor or the computer bus.

64-bit hardware, and the software compiled to run on it, is sometimes called x86-64. This name refers to the fact that it is a 64-bit architecture, and is compatible with Intel's x86 instruction set. These instruction sets may also be called AMD64, as a reference to the AMD64 instruction set designed by AMD in the year 2000.

Examples of 64-bit processors

Below is a list of examples of 64-bit computer processors.

  • AMD Opteron, Athlon 64, Turion 64, Sempron, Phenom, FX, and Fusion.
  • All Intel Xeon processors since the Nocona released in June 2004.
  • Intel Celeron and Pentium 4 processors since Prescott.
  • Intel Pentium dual-core, Core i3, Core i5, and Core i7 processors.

Examples of 64-bit operating systems

There are many operating systems capable of running on 64-bit architecture, including Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10. However, 64-bit versions of Windows XP and Vista were far less common when they were popular.

16-bit, 24-bit, 32-bit, 8-bit, AMD64, Bit, Hardware terms, IA-64, Software terms, Video terms