Hardware terms

Updated: 10/30/2017 by Computer Hope
Battery terms - CD terms - Floppy drive definitions - Hard drive terms - Keyboard terms - Memory terms - Modem terms - Motherboard terms - Mouse terms - Network terms - CPU terms - Scanner terms - Sound terms - Tape drive terms - Video terms
Top 10 Hardware Terms

Input and Output exampleOutput device
Input device
Hardware
Processing device
Keyboard terms
Input
Network terms
Device driver
Output
Card

Number

16-bit
2-in-1 PC
32-bit
3D Printer
4k Television
5ESS switch
64-bit
701
702

A

Computer inkjet printerA-B Box
A20
Atanasoff-Berry Computer
Accelerator
Access point
Access time
Accessories
Accessory
Accounting machine
Acoustic coupler
Adapter
Adapter card
ADC
Add-on
Address
Address space
ADSI
AGP
Alarm
All-in-One computer
Alligator clip
Altair
AM
Amiga
Analog signal
Analytical engine
Antistatic mat
Antistatic spray
APIC
APM
Apple watch
Apple TV
Architecture
Arduino
Arduino Duemilanove
AS/400
ASIC
ASPI
AT
Atari ST
ATX
Augmented reality
AUI
Auxiliary connector
Auxiliary device
Axis

B

A typical Bluetooth ExpressCardBack
Backbone
Backplane
Backside bus
Backward compatibility
Bank
Barcode
Bare metal
Barebone
Base station
Bay
BeagleBoard
Bernoulli drive
Bezel
Big iron
BIOS
BIOS shadow
Black box
Black screen
Blackberry Playbook
Blank slot cover
Block diagram
Bluetooth ExpressCard
Boot device
Boot sequence
BRI
Bunny suit
Burn
Burn in
Booklet
Boot disk
Boot menu
Braille display
Braille reader
Bridge
Brown box
Bus
BYOD

C

Heat sink computer componentCable
Cache
Caddy
Card
Card punch
Card reader
Cardbus
Case
Case badge
Case fan
CATV
Cabling
CCD
CDSL
CDTV
Centrino
Centronics mode
Characteristic
Chassis
Chip
Chipset
Chromebook
CIM
CISC
Classification
Clean room
Clone
Cluster
CMOS
CNR
Coaxial Cable
Cold boot
Cold swap
Colossus
Commodore
Communication device
Compact Flash
Compatible
Component
Computer
Computer case
Computer family
Computer fan
Computer form factor
Computometer
Concept mapping
Configuration
Connection
Connectivity
Connector
Console
Control
Cooler pad
CPU
CRC
CRT
CSIRAC
CrystalMark
Cyber clean
Cycle

D

Full recycling binD2D
DAC
DASD
Data carrier
Data channel
Data flow
Data signal
Data sink
Data stream
DDR
Dead
Dead halt
Decode
Default drive
Degauss
Degausser
Depress
Desktop computer
Device
Device dependant
Device driver
Device name
Dhrystone
Diagnostic program
Diagnostics
Difference engine
Digital
Digital camera
Digital line
Digital wallet
DIMM
Diode
Dip switch
Direct connection
Disable
Discard
Disk drive
DisplayPort
Dispose
Disassembly
Distortion
Divx
DLNA
DMA
DMI
Dock
Docking station
Dongle
Dot pitch
Downsizing
DRAM
Drive
Drive bay
Drive letter
Driver
Driver CD
Drobo
Drop in
Drop out
DRQ
Dry run
DSL filter
DSS
DTE
Dual channel controller
Dust
DUT
DVD
DVI
DVR
Dynabook

E

eol definitionE ink
E-reader
E-waste
ECC
Echoplex
ECU
Edge connector
EDI
EDP
EDSAC
EDVAC
Efika
EHCI
EIDE
Electron gun
Embedded
Enquiry character
Enumerator
Emulator
ENIAC
Encoder
End of life
Enigma machine
EOL
EOM
Error control
eSATA
ESD
Ethernet
ETX
Expansion
Expansion card
Expansion slot cover
ExpressCard
External
External cache

F

Fail-safe system
Fail-soft system
Failover
Failure
Fan
Fast SCSI
Fault
Fax
Fax machine
FCC ID
Feeder cable
Female connector
Fetch
Fiber optic cable
FIFO
File allocation unit
Firewall
Firewire
Firmware
Flash BIOS
Flash drive
Flash memory
Footprint
Forward compatibility
Floppy disk
Form factor
FPGA
FPU
Front panel
FSB
Full duplex
Full-duplex transmission
Function key

G

Gadget
Gateway
Gender
Gender changer
GPS
GPU
Graffiti
Graphics tablet
Grosch's law
Group 3 protocol
Group 4 protocol

H

HDMI cable from MediabridgeHACMP
Half duplex
Half-duplex transmission
Hamming code
Handheld
Handwriting recognition
Hard card
Hard drive
Hard error
Hard reset
Hardware
Hardware conflict
Hardware key
Hardware monitor
Hardwired
HCI
HDD
HDMI
HDTV
Head clean
Headphones
Heat gun
Heat sink
HFC
HID
Home computer
Host adapter
Hot docking
Hot plugging
Hot swappable
Housing
HP 200A
HSF
HTPC
Hub
Hwmonitor
Hybrid
Hypervisor

I

Integrated Circuit or ICI/O address
IBM 5100
IBM compatible
IC
IDE
Immediate access
Indicator
Information processing
Infrared
Initialization
Initiator
Input
Input device
Input/output channel
Input/output device
Input/output processor
Insert
Instruction
Insulation
INTA
Integrated
Integrated circuit
Interactive
Interface
Internal
Internal interrupt
Interrupt
Intertec Superbrain
IOPS
iPad
iPhone
iPod
IPB
IrDA
IRQ
ISA

J

Jack
Jacquard Loom
Java Card
JavaStation
Jaz drive
Joystick
Jump
Jumper

K

Keyboard
Killer poke
Kindle
Kinect
KVM switch

L

L2 cache
L3 cache
Laptop
Laser
Lazy write
LCD
Leapfrog test
LED
Legacy
LIFO
Light guide
Light gun
Light pen
Lightwave system
Liquid cooling
LILO
Line
Line analyzer
Line driver
Line frequency
Line level
Link time
Logic
Logic circuit
Logical
Logical partition
Long-haul
Loop configuration
Loopback
LPAR
LRC
Luggable computer

M

Sony Memory Stick examplesMAC address
Machine error
Machine-readable
magicJack
Magnetic card
Magnetic card reader
Mainframe
Male connector
Manchester Mark 1
Mark parity
Matrix code
Matte
MCA
Media
Memory
Memory module
Memory stick
Microcomputer
Microphone
Microsoft Surface
Minicomputer
MMU
Mode
Model number
Modem
Molex connector
Monitor
Moore's law
Motherboard
Mouse
MP3 player
MSN TV
MSX
MTBF
Multiphase cooling
Multipoint

N

Nanocomputer
Nanotechnology
NAS
NDAS
Negation
Nest Thermostat
Netbook
Nettop
Network Direct Attached Storage
NEWCARD
NIC
NMI
No-parity
Node
Non-interactive
Non-volatile memory
Nor
Northbridge
Notebook computer
NUC
Null cycle
NVMe
NVRAM

O

Object computer
Off
Off-the-shelf
OHCI
OLED
OLPC
OMR
On
On-hook
Online
Online state
Open
Open architecture
Open system
Optical communications
Optical drive
Optimize
OSD
OTP
Output
Output device
Output stream
Overclock
Overheat

P

PeripheralP-Cable
P1
PaaS
Paddle
PalmPilot
Palmtop computer
Panic
Parallel
Parallel access
Parallel computer
Parallel execution
Parallel interface
Parallel port
Parallel transmission
Parity bit
Part number
Partition
Pascaline
Passive matrix
PC
PC Card
PC Card slot
PCB
PCI
PCI Express
PCMCIA
PDA
PDP
Pen computer
Pen drive
Peopleware
Peripheral
Phablet
Phantom
Phases
Phone
Photocopier
Physical
PID
Pin
Pin-compatible
Ping pong buffer
Platform
PlayStation
PlayStation 3
PlayStation 4
PLCC
PLED
Plug
Plug and play
PN
Polling
Polling cycle
Port 80 display
Port bar
Port expander
Portable computer
POST
Power cycle
Power supply
PPGA
PRAM
Preprocessor
Printer
Processing device
Processor
Programmable ROM programmer
PROM
Propagation delay
Prototype
PS2
PS3
PSP
Punch card
Punch tape
Push button
PXI

Q

Q-Cable
QAM
Qi
QPI Frequency
QR Code
QSXGA
Quad-core
Quadroplex
QXGA

R

Raspberry piRadiation
RAM
Random-access file
Raspberry Pi
RDRAM
Read
Read error
Reboot
Recovery time
Redundancy
Register capacity
Relay
Remote
Remote communication
Remote terminal
Repeater
Reseat
Reset
Reset button
Restore button
Resource
Rewrite
RF shield
RFID
RG-6
Rig
Ring
RISC
Riser board
RO Terminal
Robot
Robustness
Rocker switch
Roku
ROM
ROM cartridge
Router
RRD
RS-232
RS-422
RS-423
RS-449
RS-485
Runs on
RXD

S

Single Point of FailureSAN
SAS
SATA
Satellite computer
SBus
Scalable architecture
Scanner
SCC
Screw
Scroll wheel
SCSI
SCSI bus
SCSI cable
SCSI chain
SCSI device
SCSI port
SD
SDRAM
Seated
Sector
Segment
Semacode
Sensor
Serial
Serial communications
Serial console
Serial device
Serial number
Serial port
Server
Service Tag
Set-top box
SFF
Shuffle
SHV connector
SIGINT
Silicon chip
SIM card
Simple transmission
Single Point of Failure
Slate PC
Slimline model
Smart cable
Smart card
Smart TV
Smartphone
Smartwatch
Solid-state device
Sound card
Southbridge
Speakers
Specification
Splash screen
Spread spectrum
SSD
Standalone
Standby
Standing desk
Static
Storage device
Stress test
Stylus
Supercomputer
Superscalar
Surface Book
Surge protector
SuperDisk
Switch
Sync
Synchronization
Synchronous transmission
SYS 64738
System diskette
System failure
System requirements
System unit

T

Temperature gun monitoring computer CPUTablet
Tape drive
Telephone
Television
Terminate
Temp gun
Thermal sensors
Thumbscrew
Thunderbolt
TiVo
Tools
Touchpad
Touchscreen
Tower
Trackball
Transcoding
Transfer time
Transmission
Transistor
Turbo button
TV
TV tuner card
Tweak
Typeball
Typewriter

U

UART
UART overrun
UDMA
UHCI
ULSI
Ultra-light computer
Ultra SCSI
Ultrabook
Unbundled
Undock
Unibus
UNIVAC
Universal machine
Unknown device
UPC
Upgrade
UPnP
UPS
Uptime
USB

V

V.28
Vacuum tube
Vanilla
VCR
VDU
Vendor ID
VGA
VHF
VHS
VIA
Video card
Videodisk
Viiv
Virtual device
Virtualization
Vitesse-Bus
VL Bus
Voice-grade channel
Volatile memory
Volume
VR
VRAM
VT-100

W

Warm swap
WDM
Wearable
Webcam
Wetware
WFM
Wheel of reincarnation
White box
WHQL
Wibree
Wii
Windows Touch
Wintel
Workaround
Workstation
WQHD
WQXGA
Write
Write mode

X

X86
Xbox
Xbox 360
XJACK
XT

Y

Yoke

Z

Z1
Zap
ZIF socket
Zip drive
Zoomed video

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