Internet History

Reference Question
CH001016 Who invented the Internet?
Year Event
1960 AT&T introduces the dataphone and the first known MODEM.
1961 Leonard Kleinrock publishes his first paper entitled "Information Flow in Large Communication Nets" is published May 31, 1961.
1962 Leonard Kleinrock releases his paper talking about packetization.
1962 Paul Baran suggests transmission of data using fixed size message blocks.
1962 J.C.R. Licklider becomes the first Director of IPTO and gives his vision of a galactic network.
1964 Baran publishes reports "On Distributed Communications."
1964 Leonard Kleinrock publishes his first book on packet nets entitled "Communication Nets: Stochastic Message Flow and Design."
1965 Lawrence G. Roberts with MIT performs the first long distant dial-up connection between a TX-2 computer in Massachusetts and Tom Marill with a Q-32 at SDC in California.
1965 Donald Davies coins the word "Packet."
1966 Lawrence G. Roberts and Tom Marill publish a paper about their earlier success at connecting over dial-up.
1966 Robert Taylor joins ARPA and brings Larry Roberts there to develop ARPANET.
1967 Donald Davies creates 1-node NPL packet net.
1967 Wes Clark suggests use of a minicomputer for network packet switch.
1968 Doug Engelbart publicly demonstrates Hypertext on December 9, 1968.
1968 The first Network Working Group (NWG) meeting is held.
1968 Larry Roberts publishes ARPANET program plan on June 3, 1968.
1968 First RFP for a network goes out.
1968 UCLA is selected to be the first node on the Internet as we know it today and serve as the Network Msmnt Center.
1969 Steve Crocker releases RFC #1 on April 7, 1979 introducing the Host-to-Host and talking about the IMP software.
1969 UCLA puts out a press release introducing the public to the Internet on July 3, 1969.
1969 On August 29, 1969 the first network switch and the first piece of network equipment (called "IMP", which is short for Interface Message Processor) is sent to UCLA.
1969 On September 2, 1969 the first data moves from UCLA host to the IMP switch.
1969 CompuServe, the first commercial online service, is established.
1970 Steve Crocker and UCLA team releases NCP.
1971 Ray Tomlinson sends the first e-mail, the first messaging system to send messages across a network to other users.
1972 First public demo of ARPANET.
1972 Norm Abramson' Alohanet connected to ARPANET: packet radio nets.
1973 Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn design TCP during 1973 and later publish it with the help of Yogen Dalal and Carl Sunshine in December of 1974 in RFC 675.
1973 ARPA deploys SATNET the first international connection.
1973 Robert Metcalfe creates the Ethernet at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC).
1973 The first VoIP call is made.
1974 A commercial version of ARPANET known as Telenet is introduced and considered by many to be the first Internet Service Provider (ISP).
1978 TCP splits into TCP/IP driven by Danny Cohen, David Reed, and John Shoch to support real-time traffic. The creation of TCP/IP also helps to create UDP.
1978 John Shoch and Jon Hupp at Xerox PARC develop the first worm.
1981 BITNET is founded.
1983 ARPANET standardizes TCP/IP.
1984 Paul Mockapetris and Jon Postel introduce DNS.
1986 Eric Thomas develops the first Listserv.
1986 NSFNET is created.
1986 BITNET II is created.
1988 First T-1 backbone is added to ARPANET.
1988 Bitnet and CSNET merge to create CREN.
1989 On March 12, 1989 Tim Berners-Lee submits a proposal for a distributed system at CERN, which would later become the WWW.
1990 ARPANET replaced by NSFNET.
1990 The first search engine Archie, written by Alan Emtage, Bill Heelan, and Mike Parker at McGill University in Montreal Canada is released on September 10, 1990
1991 Tim Berners-Lee introduces WWW to the public on August 6, 1991.
1991 NSF opens the Internet to commercial use.
1991 On December 1, 1991 the first web server outside of Europe comes online.
1992 Internet Society formed.
1992 NSFNET upgraded to T-3 backbone.
1993 On April 30, 1993 CERN releases the Web source code and makes it public domain. The effect had an immediate effect as the Web experiences massive growth.
1993 The White House and the United Nations come online in 1993 and help start the .gov and .org top level domains.
1993 The NCSA releases the Mosaic browser.
1994 Netscape (Mosaic Communications corporation) is found by Marc Andreessen and James H. Clark April 4, 1994.
1994 Mosaic Netscape 0.9, the first Netscape browser, is officially released on October 13, 1994. This browser also introduces the Internet to cookies.
1994 WXYC (89.3 FM Chapel Hill, NC USA) becomes first traditional radio station to announce broadcasting on the Internet November 7, 1994.
1994 Tim Berners-Lee establishes and heads the W3C in October 1994.
1995 The dot-com boom starts.
1995 The SSL protocol is developed and introduced by Netscape in February 1995.
1995 On April 1, 1995 the Opera browser is released.
1995 The first VoIP software (Vocaltec) is released allowing end users to make voice calls over the Internet.
1995 On August 16, 1995 Microsoft introduces and releases Microsoft Internet Explorer.
1995 On November 24, 1995 HTML 2.0 is introduced in RFC 1866.
1995 On December 4, 1995 Sun Microsystems announced JavaScript and first releases it in Netscape 2.0B3. In the same year they also introduced Java.
1996 Telecom Act deregulates data networks.
1996 Now known as Adobe Flash, Macromedia Flash is introduced in 1996.
1996 The first CSS specification, CSS 1, is published by the W3C in December 1996.
1996 More e-mail is sent than postal mail in USA.
1996 CREN ended its support and since then, the network has ceased to exist.
1997 Internet2 consortium is established.
1997 IEEE releases 802.11 (WiFi) standard.
1998 Internet weblogs begin to appear.
1998 XML becomes a W3C recommendation February 10, 1998.
1999 Napster starts sharing files in September of 1999.
1999 On December 1, 1999, the most expensive Internet domain name,, was sold by Marc Ostrofsky for $7.5 million. The domain was later sold on July 26, 2007 to R.H. Donnelley for $345 million USD.
2000 The dot-com bubble starts to burst.
2003 January 7, 2003 CREN's members decided to dissolve the organization.
2003 On June 30, 2003 the Safari browser is released.
2004 On November 9, 2004 Mozilla releases the Mozilla Firefox browser.
2008 AOL ends support for the Netscape Internet browser March 1, 2008.
2008 On December 11, 2008 Google releases the Chrome browser.
2009 A person under the fake name of Satoshi Nakamoto introduces the Internet currency Bitcoin January 3, 2009.
2014 The HTML5 programming language is recommended and released to the public on October 28, 2014 by W3C.

Computer History