First introduced in Windows 95, the Device Manager is a feature of Microsoft Windows that detects and lists hardware devices and their status information. Device Manager is available in Microsoft Windows 95, 98, ME, 2000, 2003, XP, Vista, 7, 8, and 10.
Opening the Device Manager
To open the device manager in Windows 10:
- Press Win + X (hold down the Windows key and press X) to open the Power User Tasks Menu.
- Select Device Manager (or press M).
For information about opening the Device Manager in previous versions of Windows, see this help document.
Device Manager categories
The Device Manager window divides all the devices on your computer into categories. To find a specific device, click the arrow next to its category, as shown in the image at the right. This will expand that category, listing all its devices. You can then double-click a specific device to view its properties, status, and driver information.
Below is a listing of the device categories with a description of each.
|Audio inputs and outputs||Lists all devices which can serve as audio inputs and outputs. Examples include microphone jacks, internal computer speakers, and USB audio devices.|
|Batteries||Displays any batteries detected by Windows. This category only displays ACPI compliant batteries that power computers. Other batteries, such as a CMOS battery, may be under System devices.|
|Computer||This category lists your entire computer as a single device. It should not be necessary for you to make any changes directly to your computer in this listing, and you can safely leave this category alone.|
|CD-ROM||Displays detected CD disc drives in the computer. Later versions of Microsoft Windows renamed this category to DVD/CD-ROM drives to help accommodate all the new CD and DVD drives.|
|Disk drives||Displays each of the hard disk drives installed in the computer.|
|Display adapters||Displays each of the video cards detected in your system.|
|DVD/CD-ROM drives||Included in Microsoft Windows 2000 and later, this category is the replacement for the earlier CD-ROM category and displays all CD and DVD drives currently detected or installed by Windows.|
|Floppy disk controllers||Displays each of the floppy disk drive controllers detected on the motherboard.|
|Floppy disk drives||Displays each of the floppy disk drives currently installed in the computer.|
|Human Interface Devices||Displays any HID devices currently detected by Windows. For example, game controllers and USB devices may be listed in this category.|
|IDE ATA/ATAPI controllers||Included in Microsoft Windows 2000 and later, this category displays each of the ATA or ATAPI controllers currently detected on the motherboard. Earlier versions of Windows listed this category as Hard disk controllers.|
|IEEE 1394 bus host controller||Displays any IEEE 1394 controllers on your system.|
|Imaging devices||Lists any devices on your system which can capture video or images. A laptop's integrated camera will be listed here, for example.|
|Keyboards||Displays each of the keyboards detected by Windows.|
|Mice and other pointing devices||Included in Microsoft Windows 2000 and later, this category displays each of the computer mice and any other pointing devices detected by Windows. In earlier versions of Windows, this category was called Mouse.|
|Modem||Displays each of the computer modems detected by Windows.|
|Monitors||Displays each of the computer monitors detected by Windows.|
|Multi-function adapters||This category contains devices that occupy a single location on the system bus, but perform more than one function. A common example of a multi-function device is a combination printer/scanner/fax machine.|
|Network adapters||Displays each of the computer network interface cards detected by Windows.|
|Other||Displays any hardware device that is either not properly installed or cannot be detected by Windows. If devices are listed in this category, they are experiencing connectivity or compatibility issues with the computer.|
|PCMCIA socket||Displays a listing of PCMCIA sockets detected by Windows.|
|Ports (COM & LPT)||Displays any COM ports (serial ports) and LPT ports (parallel ports) detected by Windows. This section also displays what COM ports are detected. For example, if you have multiple serial ports you may see a COM1 and COM2 and an LPT port may show as a ECP printer port. The COM and LPT ports are configured through the computer's BIOS.|
|Print queues||Lists any print queues that may be used by the system to print documents. In addition to printers and fax machines, this list may include virtual print devices such as Microsoft Print to PDF and Microsoft XPS Document Writer.|
|Processors||Included with a Windows 2000 and later, this category displays any processors detected by Windows. If your computer has multiple processors or processor which support Hyper-threading, multiple processors may be listed.|
|SCSI controller||Displays any SCSI controllers currently detected by Windows.|
|SD host adapters||Lists any SD (Secure Digital) host adapters in your system, which can be used to read and write to media such as an SD Card.|
|Sensors||Lists any sensor devices on your system, such as real or virtual GPS devices.|
|Sound, video, and game controllers||Display the computer sound card, video capture devices, codecs, and game controllers currently installed. Note that your video card will be listed under Display adapters, and not this category.|
|System devices||The remainder of the system hardware devices that are not already listed in this section. For example, this section lists motherboard resources such as the controllers, PCI bus, system speaker, and system timer.|
|Universal Serial Bus controllers||Displays each of the USB devices, controllers, and hubs currently detected by Windows.|